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医学论文

青海大通县少数民族中学生文化疏离感与心理健康的关系

时间:2020年03月24日 所属分类:医学论文 点击次数:

幸运飞艇app【ZHAIYAO】MUDELEJIEQINGHAIDATONGXIANSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGZHUANGKUANG.FENXIWENHUASHULIGANYUHANQUSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGDEGUANXI.WEICUJINHANQUSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGFAZHANTIGONGCANKAO。FANGFAZHENGQUNSUIJICHOUQUQINGHAISHENGDATONGXIAN2SUOZHONGXUE1679MINGHANQUSHAOSHUMINZUXUESHENG.CAIYONGWENHUASHULIGANLIANGBIAO、ZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIAN

  【ZHAIYAO】MUDELEJIEQINGHAIDATONGXIANSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGZHUANGKUANG.FENXIWENHUASHULIGANYUHANQUSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGDEGUANXI.WEICUJINHANQUSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGFAZHANTIGONGCANKAO。FANGFAZHENGQUNSUIJICHOUQUQINGHAISHENGDATONGXIAN2SUOZHONGXUE1679MINGHANQUSHAOSHUMINZUXUESHENG.CAIYONGWENHUASHULIGANLIANGBIAO、ZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGLIANGBIAOJINXINGCECHA。JIEGUOSHAOSHUMINZUCHUZHONGSHENGHEGAOZHONGSHENGDEXINLIJIANKANGSUINIANJIJUNCHENG“V”ZIXINGFAZHANBIANHUAQUSHI.QIECHUZHONGSHENGBIGAOZHONGSHENGBIAOXIANCHUGENGSHAODEQIANGPO、XUEXIJIAOLV、XUEXIYALI、SHIYINGBULIANGHEQINGXUBUPINGHENG(tZHIFENBIEWEI-2.88.-5.17.-2.82.-1.99.-2.60.PZHIJUN<0.05)。

  SHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGZHONGDU、QINGDUWENTIJIANCHULV(44.5%.12.5%)YUHANZUZHONGXUESHENG(50.3%.6.9%)CHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(χ2=13.22.P<0.01).QIEBIHANZUZHONGXUESHENGBIAOXIANCHUGENGDUODEDIDUI、RENJIGUANXIJINZHANGYUMINGAN、YIYU、SHIYINGBULIANG、XINLIBUPINGHENGQINGXIANG.GENGSHAODEQIANGPOQINGXIANG(tZHIFENBIEWEI2.86.1.97.2.04.5.11.5.75.-13.17.PZHIJUN<0.01)。WENHUASHULIGANYUHANQUSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGCHENGZHENGXIANGGUAN(r=0.34.P<0.01);FENCENGXIANXINGHUIGUIFENXIXIANSHI.WENHUAGULIGAN(β=0.22.t=5.12)、WENHUAFENLIGAN(β=0.19.t=4.54)、BUHEXIEGAN(β=0.08.t=2.39)JUNZHENGXIANGYUCEXINLIJIANKANG.BEIKONGZHIGAN(β=-0.09.t=-2.02)FUXIANGYUCEXINLIJIANKANG(PZHIJUN<0.05)。JIELUNHANQUSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGSHUIPINGZONGTILIANGHAO.QIESUINIANJIERFAZHANBIANHUA.CHUZHONGSHENGBIGAOZHONGSHENGXINLIGENGJIANKANG.WENHUASHULIGANSHIYINGXIANGQIXINLIJIANKANGDEZHONGYAOYINSU。

  【GUANJIANCI】WENHUA;JINGSHENWEISHENG;HUIGUIFENXI;SHAOSHUMINZU;XUESHENG

中国临床心理学

  心理学论文投稿刊物:《中国临床心理学杂志》(双月刊)创刊于1993年,是中国心理卫生协会主办的学术期刊,国内外公开发行。本刊目前是中国科技核心期刊(中国科技论文统计源期刊),并被中国科学引文数据库核心库(CSCD-C)、中文社会科学引文索引(CSSCI)核心库同时收录,显示本刊在自然科学和人文社会科学领域的影响力均有显著提升。

  WENHUASHULIGANZHICHUYUJIAOCHAWENHUAZHONGDEGETIYINWENHUACHAYIERDUIMUTIWENHUAHEZHULIUWENHUACHANSHENGFENLIGAN、GULIGAN、BEIKONGGAN、BUHEXIEGANDENGXIAOJIQINGGAN[1]。DUIYUSHENGHUOZAIWOGUOHANQUDESHAOSHUMINZU.ZHEIZHONGWENHUASHULIGANZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIMINZUWENHUAYUZHULIUHANWENHUACHONGJIGUOCHENGZHONGYOUYUWENHUACHAYIDAILAIDEXINLICHONGTU。DALIANGWENHUAXINLIXUEDEYANJIUBIAOMING.YOUWENHUACHAYIERYINFADEWENHUARENTONG[2-4]、WENHUASHULI[5-7]、WENHUASHIYING[8-10]JUNYUGETIXINLIFAZHANZHIJIANCUNZAIMIQIEDELIANXI。

幸运飞艇app   ZHAODONGMEIDENG[11]DUINEIDIXIZANGBANZHONGXUESHENGDEYANJIUJINYIBUTISHI.WENHUASHULIGANYUGETIXINLIJIANKANGZHIJIANKENENGCUNZAIMOUZHONGLIANXI.ZHIDEYANJIUZHETANTAO。HANQUSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGZUOWEIZHONGXUESHENGZHONGDETESHUQUNTI.QIXINLIJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGBUJINGUANXIDAOZISHENDEJIANKANGCHENGZHANG.HAIYUMINZUTUANJIE、SHEHUIFAZHANJISHEHUIWENDINGMIQIEXIANGGUAN。YINCI.BENYANJIUNIZAIDIAOCHAHANQUSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGDEJICHUSHANG.FENXIWENHUASHULIGANYUXINLIJIANKANGDEGUANXI.WEICUJINHANQUSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGDEXINLIJIANKANGFAZHANTIGONGCANKAO。

幸运飞艇app   1DUIXIANGYUFANGFA

  1.1DUIXIANG

  ZAIQINGHAISHENGXININGSHIDATONGXIAN.CAIYONGZHENGQUNSUIJICHOUYANGFANGFAXUANQU1SUOZHONGDIANZHONGXUEHE1SUOPUTONGZHONGXUE(JUNBAOHANCHUZHONGHEGAOZHONG).BINGZAIMEISUOZHONGXUEDEGEGENIANJIZHONGSUIJICHOUQU4GEBANJI.JINGXUEXIAOLINGDAO、BANZHURENHEZHONGXUESHENGBENRENZHIQINGTONGYIHOU.YIBANJIWEIDANWEIYU2019NIAN5YUEJINXINGTUANTISHICE。HANZUZHONGXUESHENGDESHUJUCAIJIJINYONGYUYUSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGDEDUIBIFENXI.YINERZAIBENCICELIANGZHONG.GENIANJIZHONG2GEBANJICAIJIHANZUHESHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGDESHUJU.2GEBANJIJINCAIJISHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGDESHUJU。

  BENCISHICEGONGJIFAFANGWENJUAN1748FEN.YOUXIAOWENJUAN1679FEN.YOUXIAOLVWEI96.05%。QIZHONG.SHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENG993MING.HANZUZHONGXUESHENG686MING.SHAOSHUMINZUYUHANZUZHONGXUESHENGZAIXINGBIE、NIANJIFENBUSHANGDAZHIJUNHENG。SHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGZHONG.NANSHENG458MING.NVSHENG535MING;CHUYIXUESHENG166MING.CHUER174MING.CHUSAN171MING.GAOYI188MING.GAOER151MING.GAOSAN143MING;HUIZUXUESHENG478MING.ZANGZUXUESHENG165MING.TUZUXUESHENG167MING.MENGGUZUXUESHENG60MING.SALAZUXUESHENG46MING.QITASHAOSHUMINZUXUESHENG77MING。YOUXINLIXUEZHUANYEDASIBENKESHENGHEZHONGXUEJIAOSHIGONGTONGWANCHENGWENJUANDESHICE。

  1.2FANGFA

  1.2.1ZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGLIANGBIAO

  CAIYONGWANGJISHENGDENG[12]BIANZHIDELIANGBIAO.GAILIANGBIAOBAOKUOQIANGPO、PIANZHI、DIDUI、RENJIGUANXIJINZHANGYUMINGAN(JIANCHENGRENJIMINGAN)、YIYU、JIAOLV、XUEXIYALI、SHIYINGBULIANG、QINGXUBUPINGHENG、XINLIBUPINGHENGDENG10GEFENWEIDU.GEYOU6GETIMU.MEIGETIMUCAIYONG1~5JIPINGFEN。LIANGBIAOGEWEIDUDEFENHUOZONGFENYUEGAO.SHUOMINGBEISHIGEWEIDUHUOZONGTIXINLIZHUANGKUANGYUEBUJIANKANG。GAILIANGBIAOMOUWEIDUHUOZONGFENDEJUNFENXIAOYU2.SHUOMINGBEISHIMEIYOUXINLIJIANKANGWENTI;JUNFENCHUYU2~2.99FENCUNZAIQINGDUWENTI;3~3.99FENCUNZAIZHONGDUWENTI;4~4.99FENCUNZAIJIAOZHONGWENTI;5FENCUNZAIYANZHONGWENTI。GAILIANGBIAOZHONGCEXINDUWEI0.72~0.91.TONGZHIXINGXINDUWEI0.65~0.86.FENBANXINDUWEI0.63~0.87.SHIJUYOUJIAOHAOXINDUHEXIAODUDEXINLIJIANKANGCELIANGGONGJU[12]。GAILIANGBIAOZAIBENYANJIUZHONGDENEIBUYIZHIXINGXISHUWEI0.954。

  1.2.2WENHUASHULIGANLIANGBIAO

幸运飞艇app   CAIYONGYOULIUXIDENG[1]BIANZHIDELIANGBIAO.LIANGBIAOBAOKUOWENHUAGULIGAN、WENHUAFENLIGAN、BUHEXIEGANHEBEIKONGZHIGANDENG4GEFENWEIDU.LIANGBIAOGEWEIDUDEFENHUOZONGFENYUEGAO.SHUOMINGBEISHIWENHUASHULIGANYUEMINGXIAN。GAILIANGBIAODETONGZHIXINGXISHUWEI0.92.FENBANXINDUWEI0.74.TANSUOXINGYINSUFENXIHEYANZHENGXINGYINSUFENXIXIANSHIJUYOULIANGHAODEGOUXIANGXIAODU[1]。GAILIANGBIAOZAIBENYANJIUZHONGDENEIBUYIZHIXINGXISHUWEI0.89。

  1.3TONGJIXUEFENXI

  CAIYONGSPSS22.0JINXINGDULIYANGBENtJIANYAN、DANYINSUFANGCHAFENXI、PIERXUNXIANGGUANHEFENCENGXIANXINGHUIGUIFENXI。P<0.05WEICHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI。

  2JIEGUO

  2.1DATONGXIANSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGZHUANGKUANG

  2.1.1BUTONGXUEDUANSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGBIJIAO

  CICIDIAOCHASHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGCUNZAIZHONGDUWENTIDE124MING(12.5%).CUNZAIQINGDUWENTIDE442MING(44.5%)。CHUZHONGJIEDUANDESHAOSHUMINZUXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGGEWEIDUDEFENNIANJIJIANCHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(PZHIJUN<.>CHUYI>CHUER。GAOZHONGJIEDUANDESHAOSHUMINZUXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGGEWEIDUNIANJIJIANCHAYIJUNYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(PZHIJUN<.>GAOYI>GAOER。SHAOSHUMINZUCHUZHONGSHENG、GAOZHONGSHENGZONGTIXINLIJIANKANGSHUIPINGCHAYIWUTONGJIXUEYIYI.CHUZHONGSHENGZAIQIANGPO、JIAOLV、XUEXIYALI、SHIYINGBULIANGHEQINGXUBUPINGHENGDENGWEIDUDEFENDIYUGAOZHONGSHENG.CHAYIJUNYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(tZHIFENBIEWEI-2.88.-5.17.-2.82.-1.99.-2.60.PZHIJUN<0.05)。

幸运飞艇app   2.1.2SHAOSHUMINZUHEHANZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGBIJIAO

  SHAOSHUMINZUHEHANZUZHONGXUESHENGZAIBUTONGCHENGDUXINLIWENTIDEJIANCHULVSHANGCHAYIYOUTONGJIXUEYIYI(χ2=13.22.P<0.01):SHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGDEZHONGDUWENTIJIANCHULV(12.5%)GAOYUHANZUZHONGXUESHENG(6.9%).QINGDUWENTIJIANCHULV(44.5%)DIYUHANZUZHONGXUESHENG(50.3%)。SHAOSHUMINZUHEHANZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGZONGFENBIJIAOCHAYIWUTONGJIXUEYIYI。SHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGZAIQIANGPOWEIDUDEFENDIYUHANZUZHONGXUESHENG.ZAIDIDUI、RENJIGUANXIMINGANYUJINZHANG、YIYU、SHIYINGBULIANG、XINLIBUPINGHENGDENGWEIDUDEFENGAOYUHANZUZHONGXUESHENG。

幸运飞艇app   2.2DATONGXIANSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGWENHUASHULIGANYUXINLIJIANKANGDEGUANXI

  PearsonXIANGGUANFENXIXIANSHI.WENHUASHULIGANJIGEWEIDUYUXINLIJIANKANGCHENGZHENGXIANGGUAN(r=0.14~0.40.PZHIJUN<0.01)。JINYIBUYIWENHUASHULIGANGEWEIDUWEIZIBIANLIANG、XINLIJIANKANGWEIYINBIANLIANG、XINGBIEHENIANJIWEIKONGZHIBIANLIANGDEFENCENGXIANXINGHUIGUIFENXIXIANSHI.HANQUSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGDEWENHUAGULIGAN(β=0.22.t=5.12)、WENHUAFENLIGAN(β=0.19.t=4.54)、BUHEXIEGAN(β=0.08.t=2.39)、BEIKONGZHIGAN(β=-0.09.t=-2.02)DUIQIXINLIJIANKANGSHUIPINGJUNQIDAOYUCEZUOYONG(F=24.81.R=0.39.R2=0.15)(PZHIJUN<0.05)。

  3TAOLUN

  BENYANJIUJIEGUOBIAOMING.DATONGXIANSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGZONGTIZHUANGKUANGLIANGHAO.DANRENGYOU12.5%CUNZAIZHONGDUXINLIJIANKANGWENTI。SUIRANZHONGDUXINLIJIANKANGWENTIYEKENENGTONGGUOZIWOXINLIDIAOSHIZHUBUGAISHANHEXIAOCHU.DANRENGYINGYINQIXUEXIAOXINLIGONGZUOZHEDEGUANZHU。BUTONGXUEDUANBIJIAO.DATONGXIANSHAOSHUMINZUCHUZHONGSHENGHEGAOZHONGSHENGXINLIJIANKANGFAZHANQUSHIXIANGTONG.XINLIJIANKANGZONGFENSUINIANJISHENGGAOCHENG“V”ZIXINGBIANHUA.JIJUNBIAOXIANWEIERNIANJIXINLIJIANKANGSHUIPINGZUIGAO.YINIANJICIZHI.SANNIANJIZUIDI。YUGUIZHOU[13]MOUSHAOSHUMINZUCHUZHONGSHENG、XINJIANG[14]BINGTUANZHONGXUESHENGDEYANJIUJIEGUOBUYIZHI.DANYULUOCHUNHUA[15]JIEGUOYIZHI。KENENGYUSHAOSHUMINZUXUESHENGYANGBENDAXIAO、QUYANGDIYUJUXIANJIMINZUWENHUABEIJINGCHAYIYOUGUAN.YEKENENGYUCHUYIGAOYIYINRUXUESHIYINGDAILAIDEXINLIWENTI、CHUSANGAOSANLINJINBIYEXUEXIYALIDADENGYOUGUAN。GAOZHONGSHENGBICHUZHONGSHENGBIAOXIANCHUGENGMINGXIANDEQIANGPO、JIAOLV、XUEXIYALI、SHIYINGBULIANGHEQINGXUBUPINGHENG.KENENGYUGAOZHONGSHENGSUIZHENIANLINGZENGZHANGGANSHOUDAOGENGDUODEXUEXIYALIHEFUXINGQINGXUTIYANYOUGUAN。CIWAI.CONGXINLIJIANKANGGEWEIDUKANCHUZHONGHEGAOZHONGJIEDUANYECUNZAIYIDINGCHAYI.XUYAOSHAOSHUMINZUJIAOYUGONGZUOZHEQUBIEDUIDAI。

  CONGDATONGXIANSHAOSHUMINZUHEHANZUZHONGXUESHENGDEBIJIAOKAN.SHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGDEZHONGDUWENTIJIANCHULVGENGGAO.QINGDUWENTIJIANCHULVGENGDI.BIHANZUZHONGXUESHENGBIAOXIANCHUGENGMINGXIANDEDIDUI、RENJIGUANXIJINZHANGYUMINGAN、YIYU、SHIYINGBULIANGHEXINLIBUPINGHENGQINGXIANG。ZAIHANQUXIANGTONGDEJINGJISHENGHUOHEJIAOYUBEIJINGXIA.CUNZAIZHEMOUZHONGYINSUDUISHAOSHUMINZUXUESHENGDEXINLIJIANKANGCHANSHENGLEGENGDADEYINGXIANG.RUSHAOSHUMINZUXUESHENGYOUYUMUTIWENHUAYUZHULIUHANWENHUACHONGTUERCHANSHENGDEWENHUASHULIGAN。

  BENYANJIUJIEGUOBIAOMING.DATONGXIANSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGDEWENHUASHULIGANYUXINLIJIANKANGCHENGZHENGXIANGGUAN.QIEWENHUASHULIGANGEWEIDUJUNDUIQIXINLIJIANKANGJUYOUYUCEZUOYONG。ZHENGSHILESHAOSHUMINZUHEHANZUZHONGXUESHENGXINLIJIANKANGCHAYIKENENGSHIYOUWENHUASHULIGANSUODAOZHIDECAIXIANG.BINGZAICIYANZHENGLEDUOYUANWENHUAHUANJINGZHONGWENHUASHIYINGSHIGEZHONGXINLIWENTIDEZHONGYAOYINSU、MINZURONGHEHEWENHUARENTONGGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDEWENHUACHONGJIWANGWANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGGETIXINLIZHUANGTAIDENGGUANDIAN[16]。

幸运飞艇app   YONGADELEDE“WENHUASHIYINGJIASHUO”LAIJIESHI[17].JIBENYANJIUCAIYANGDIQUQINGHAISHENGDATONGXIANCHUYUDUOMINZUGONGJUDEHANQUWENHUABEIJINGZHONG.MINZURONGHEHEWENHUARENTONGSHISHAOSHUMINZUMIANLINDEGONGTONGWENTI.ZAISHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGCHENGZHANGGUOCHENGZHONGZHUJIANJUECHADAOBENMINZUWENHUAHEZHULIUHANWENHUADECHAYI.BINGZAIZHULIUWENHUADEYALIXIABIJIAORONGYICHUXIANXINLIJIANKANGWENTI.SUOYIWENHUASHULIGANTIYANNENGXIANZHUYUCEQIXINLIJIANKANGSHUIPING。GAIJIEGUOTISHIHANQUJIAOYUGONGZUOZHE.TONGGUOYINDAOHECUJINSHAOSHUMINZUZHONGXUESHENGWANCHENGMINZUWENHUAHEZHULIUHANWENHUADERONGHE.JIANGDIYOUYUWENHUACHAYISUODAILAIDESHULIGAN.KEYICUJINXUESHENGDEXINLIJIANKANGFAZHAN。BENDIAOCHAXIANSHI.WENHUASHULIGANGEWEIDUDUIXINLIJIANKANGDEYUCEZUOYONGBINGBUWANQUANYIZHI.WENHUAGULIGAN、WENHUAFENLIGANHEBUHEXIEGANDUIXINLIJIANKANGJUYOUZHENGXIANGYUCEZUOYONG.BEIKONGZHIGANDUIXINLIJIANKANGJUYOUFUXIANGYUCEZUOYONG。SHUOMINGWENHUASHULIGANDUIXINLIJIANKANGDEYINGXIANGJIZHIJIAOWEIFUZA.ZHIDEJINYIBUTANTAO。

  4CANKAOWENXIAN

  [1]LIUXI.YANGDONG.HANQUSHAOSHUMINZUXUESHENGWENHUASHULIGANDELILUNJIANGOUJILIANGBIAOBIANZHI[J].ZHONGGUOLINCHUANGXINLIXUEZAZHI.2005.13(2):141-143.

幸运飞艇app   [2]SUINNRM.ReviewingacculturationandAsianAmericans:howac ̄culturationaffectshealth.adjustment.schoolachievement.andcoun ̄seling[J].AsianAmJPsychol.2010.1(1):5-17.

幸运飞艇app   [3]KONERUVK.WEISMANDEMAMANIAAG.FLYNNPM.etal.Acculturationandmentalhealth:currentfindingsandrecommenda ̄tionsforfutureresearch[J].ApplPrevPsychol.2007.12(2):76-96.

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