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农业论文

长期化学氮肥和有机肥施用对棕壤肥力指标的影响

时间:2020年03月24日 所属分类:农业论文 点击次数:

ZHAIYAO:JIYUSHENYANGNONGYEDAXUEZONGRANGZHANGQIDINGWEISHIYAN(SHIYU1987NIAN),YANJIU31NIANHUAXUEDANFEIHEYOUJIFEISHIYONG(DANSHIHUAXUEDANFEIWEINIAOSU135kgNhm-2a-1HENIAOSU270kgNhm-2a-1;HUAXUEDANFEIYUYOUJIFEIPEISHIWEINIAOSU135kgNhm-2a-1+ZHUJIUFEI135kgNhm-2a-1;DANSHIYOUJIFEIWEIZHUJIUFEI270kgNhm-2a-1)DUIZONGRANGFEILIZHIBIAO(

幸运飞艇app   ZHAIYAO:JIYUSHENYANGNONGYEDAXUEZONGRANGZHANGQIDINGWEISHIYAN(SHIYU1987NIAN),YANJIU31NIANHUAXUEDANFEIHEYOUJIFEISHIYONG(DANSHIHUAXUEDANFEIWEINIAOSU135kgNˑhm-2ˑa-1HENIAOSU270kgNˑhm-2ˑa-1;HUAXUEDANFEIYUYOUJIFEIPEISHIWEINIAOSU135kgNˑhm-2ˑa-1+ZHUJIUFEI135kgNˑhm-2ˑa-1;DANSHIYOUJIFEIWEIZHUJIUFEI270kgNˑhm-2ˑa-1)DUIZONGRANGFEILIZHIBIAO(pHZHI、RONGZHONG、YOUJIZHI、QUANDAN、JIANJIEDAN、SUXIAOLIN、SUXIAOJIA、QUANLINHEQUANJIA)DEYINGXIANG,WEIZHIDAOHUAXUEDANFEIHEYOUJIFEIDEHELISHIYONGTIGONGLILUNYIJU。

  JIEGUOBIAOMING:(1)SHIYONGHUAXUEDANFEIHEYOUJIFEIJUNTIGAOLEYUMICHANLIANG。DANSHIHUAXUEDANFEIBIYOUJIFEIZENGCHANXIAOGUODI,BINGQIEDANDUTIGAOHUAXUEDANFEISHIYONGLIANGBUHUICUJINCHANLIANGDETISHENG,ERYOUJIFEIYUHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHIZENGCHANZUIDUO;ZHANGQIBUSHIFEI、DANSHIHUAXUEDANFEI,YIZAOCHENGSUANHUA、BANJIE,YANGFENHANLIANGXIAJIANG,BULIYUPEIFEITURANG。(2)ZHANGQISHIYONGYOUJIFEINENGGOUHUANJIEDANSHIHUAXUEDANFEIZAOCHENGDEBULIANGXINGZHUANG,BINGQIEYOUJIFEIYUHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHIKEYICUJINTURANGFEILIZHIBIAOJUNHENGZENGZHANG,YOULIYUPEIFEITURANG。(3)ZHUCHENGFENFENXIXIANSHI,DANSHIHUAXUEDANFEIDUIRONGZHONG、JIANJIEDANZHENGXIANGGUANDIAOKONGYIJIDUIpHZHIDEFUXIANGGUANDIAOKONGJIAOQIANG,ERYOUJIFEIDESHIYONGDUIRONGZHONGWAIDEQITAFEILIZHIBIAODEZHENGXIANGGUANDIAOKONGJIAOQIANG,QIEYOUJIFEIHEHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHIZENGQIANGLEDUICHANLIANGDEZHENGXIANGGUANDIAOKONGZUOYONG,WEIYOUJIFEITIDAIHUAFEIDIANDINGLILUNJICHU。

  GUANJIANCI:ZHANGQISHIFEI;FEILIZHIBIAO;ZONGRANG;ZHUCHENGFENFENXI

农业施肥

  农艺师评职论文范文:施肥对土壤生态环境的影响

  ZHAIYAO:DANGQIANWOGUOHUAFEIDESHENGCHANLIANGHESHIYONGLIANGJUNJUSHIJIEDIYIWEI,YOUYUHUAFEISHENGCHANYUANLIAOHESHENGCHANGONGYIDEYINGXIANG,YIXIEHUAFEICHANPINZHONGHANYOUYOUDUZHONGJINSHU、YOUJIWUHEWUJISUANDENGCHENGFEN,ZHANGQIBUHELISHIYONGHUAFEIDAOZHILEWURANWUZAITURANGZHONGDELEIJI,YANZHONGYINGXIANGLETURANGDESHENGTAIHUANJING,SHILIANGSHI、SHUCAI、SHUIGUODENGNONGCHANPINZHONGDEZHONGJINSHU、XIAOSUANYANDENGYOUHAIWUZHIYANZHONGCHAOBIAO,NONGCHANPINZHILIANGANQUANSHOUDAOYANZHONGWEIXIE。BENWENFENXILEHUAFEIWURANTURANGDEYUANYINHETEDIAN,BINGTICHULEJIANQINGHUAFEIWURANTURANGSHENGTAIHUANJINGDEJISHUHECUOSHI。

  DANSHIZHIWUSHENGZHANGDEBIXUYUANSU,YESHICHUJISHENGCHANLIDEXIANZHIXINGYANGFEN,ZAINONGYESHIJIANZHONGSHIYONGDANFEINENGGOUTIGAOTURANGDEJINGCHUJISHENGCHANNENGLI,TIGAOZUOWUCHANLIANGHEPINZHI[1]。ZHONGGUOGENGDIMIANJIZHANSHIJIEDE7%ZUOYOU,ERZHONGGUODEDANFEISHIYONGLIANGZHANSHIJIEDE25%ZUOYOU[2],GUDANFEILIYONGLVZONGTIBUGAO[3]。FEILIAODESHIYONGHUIDUITURANGXINGZHIZAOCHENGHENDADEYINGXIANG[4],HELIDEDANFEISHIYONG,NENGGOUCHUANGZAOFENGFUDEYANGFEN,DIAOJIETURANGSUANJIANXING,GAISHANTURANGJIEGOUHELIHUAXINGZHI,TIGAOTURANGFEILI[5]。BUHELIDESHIYONGBUJINDAOZHIDANFEILIYONGLVXIAJIANG,HAIHUIZAOCHENGTURANGBANJIE、SUANHUA、FEILIXIAJIANGDENGYIXILIEBULIDEYINGXIANG[6-7]。DABUFENNONGTIANTURANGZAIZIRANTIAOJIANXIABUNENGGOUWEIZUOWUTIGONGCHONGZUDEYANGFEN[8],YOUYOUYUYOUJIFEIFAJIAOFUJIEGUOCHENGHUANMANFUZA,YINCIYUELAIYUEDUOWUJIFEILIAODAITIYOUJIFEILIAOBEIYONGYUMANZURENMINDUIGAOCHANDEZHUIQIU[9]。DANYUHUAFEIXIANGBI,YOUJIFEIYANGFENHANLIANGFENGFU,NENGGOUWEIZUOWUSHENGZHANGTIGONGQUANMIANWENDINGDEYANGFEN,BINGNENGPEIFEIDILI[10]。

  YINCI,TANJIUZHANGQIHUAXUEDANFEIHEYOUJIFEIDUITURANGFEILIZHIBIAODEYINGXIANGCHENGWEIZUOWUZENGCHANHETURANGPEIFEIDEGUANJIAN。WEICISHENYANGNONGYEDAXUEYU1987NIANSHELILEZONGRANGZHANGQIDINGWEISHIFEISHIYAN,JIESHIZHANGQIHUAXUEDANFEIHEYOUJIFEISHIYONGDUITURANGFEILIYANBIANDEYINGXIANG。JIYUGAISHIYANDEZHANGQIBUTONGDANFEICHULI,BENYANJIUCAIYONGZHUCHENGFENFENXIDENGFANGFA,YANJIULEHUAXUEDANFEIHEYOUJIFEISHIYONG31NIANHOUDUIZONGRANGFEILIZHIBIAODEYINGXIANG,YIQIMINGQUEHUAXUEDANFEIHEYOUJIFEICHULIYUFEILIZHIBIAODEGUANXI,CONGERWEIHELIDIAOKONGDANFEISHIYONGHEYOUJIFEITIDAIHUAFEITIGONGLILUNJICHU。

幸运飞艇app   1.CAILIAOFANGFA

  1.1SHIYANDIGAIKUANG

幸运飞艇app   SHENYANGNONGYEDAXUEZONGRANGZHANGQIDINGWEISHIYANZHANSHIJIANYU1987NIAN,WEIYU41°49′N,123°34′E。DICHUWENDAIDALUJIFENGQIHOUQU,DONGJIHANLENGGANZAO,XIAJIGAOWENDUOYU,NIANJUNWEN7.6℃,NIANJIANGSHUILIANG705mm,HAIBA75m。TURANGWEIFAYUZAIHUANGTUXINGMUZHISHANGDERANGZHIZONGRANG,TONGTIWUYANSUANFANYING。ZUOWUWEILIANZUOYUMI(DANGDICHANGYONGPINZHONG)。MEINIAN4YUE25RIZUOYOUBOZHONG,9YUE25RIZUOYOUSHOUHUO。SHIYANDI1987NIANTURANGJIBENLIHUAXINGZHUANGWEI:YOUJIZHIHANLIANG15.6gˑkg-1,QUANDANHANLIANG1.0gˑkg-1,QUANLINHANLIANG0.5gˑkg-1,QUANJIAHANLIANG21.56gˑkg-1,JIANJIEDANHANLIANG67.4mgˑkg-1,SUXIAOLINHANLIANG8.4mgˑkg-1,SUXIAOJIAHANLIANG99.7mgˑkg-1,pHZHI6.39,RONGZHONG1.22gˑcm-3。SHIYANXIAOQUZHANG9.6m,KUAN7.2m,MIANJI69m2。SHIYONGDEYOUJIFEI(M)WEIFUSHUZHUJIUFEI,YOUJIZHIHANLIANG150gˑkg-1,QUANDAN10gˑkg-1ZUOYOU[11]。

  1.2FANGFA

  2018NIAN7YUE30RIGONGSHITURANGCAIZISHENYANGNONGYEDAXUEZONGRANGZHANGQIDINGWEISHIYAN5GEBUTONGDANFEISHIYONGCHULI,CAIJIGECHULI0~20cmTUCENGDETURANGYANGPIN,QIZHONGCK0WEISHIYANDIBUZHICHUSHIZHI。MEIGECHULI3CIZHONGFU,MEIGEZHONGFUAN“S”XINGWUDIANQUYANGHOUHUNHECHULI。ZAISHINEITIAOCHUTURANGZHONGDADELISHI、ZUOWUCANLIUGENXIHEQITAFEIQIWU,ZIRANFENGGANHOU,FENBIEGUO20MUHE100MUSHAI,YONGYUGEFEILIZHIBIAODECEDING。YONGHUANDAOCAIJIMEIGEZHONGFUCHUDETURANGYANGPIN,JINXINGRONGZHONGCEDING。

  1.3CEDINGXIANGMUYUFANGFA

  TURANGpHZHICAIYONGDIANWEIJIFA(SHUITUBI2.5:1)CEDING,YONGPhs-3BXINGpHJICEDING。TURANGRONGZHONGCEDINGCAIYONGHUANDAOFA。JIANJIEDANCEDINGCAIYONGNaOHKUOSANMINFA。SUXIAOLINCEDINGCAIYONG0.5molˑL-1NaHCO3JINTIMUTIKANGBISEFA。SUXIAOJIACAIYONGNH4OAcHUOYANGUANGDUJIFA。QUANLINCAIYONGNaOHRONGRONGMUTIKANGBISEFA。QUANJIACAIYONGNaOHRONGRONGHUOYANGUANGDUJIFA。TURANGYOUJIZHICAIYONGYUANSUFENXIYI(ElementarVarioELⅢ,DEGUO)CEDINGDETURANGYOUJITANCHENGYIXISHU1.724JISUANDEDAO[12]。

幸运飞艇app   1.4SHUJUFENXIFANGFA

  SHIYANSUODESHUJUJIEGUOCAIYONGMicrosoftExcel2016、IBMSPSSStatistics19HECanoco4.5RUANJIANJINXINGSHUJUTONGJIFENXI(LSDXIANZHUXINGFENXIHEZHUCHENGFENFENXI)HEZHITU。

  2JIEGUOYUFENXI

幸运飞艇app   2.1BUTONGDANFEISHIYONGDUITURANGpHZHIDEYINGXIANG

  JINGGUO31NIANBUTONGDANFEIDESHIYONG,GECHULIDEpHZHIJUNCHENGBUTONGCHENGDUXIAJIANGQUSHI,XIAJIANGFUDUWEI3.44%~33.33%。DANSHIHUAXUEDANFEIJIANGDIDEZUIDA,QIESUIZHEHUAXUEDANFEISHIYONGLIANGDEZENGJIA,TURANGpHZHIXIAJIANGDEFUDUZENGDA。YOUJIFEIDESHIYONGNENGGOUHUANJIEHUAXUEDANFEIYINFADEpHZHIXIAJIANGDEQUSHI,ZAIDENGDANTIAOJIANXIA,TURANGDEpHZHICHENGXIANCHUM4>M2N2>N4。

  2.2BUTONGDANFEISHIYONGDUITURANGRONGZHONGDEYINGXIANG

幸运飞艇app   BUTONGDANFEICHULITURANGRONGZHONGZAI1.16~1.29gˑcm-3ZHIJIAN。YUCK0XIANGBI,N2CHULIRONGZHONGTISHENGLE0.03gˑcm-3,N4CHULITISHENGLE0.08gˑcm-3。YOUJIFEIYUHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHIHEDANSHIYOUJIFEICHULITURANGRONGZHONGFENBIEJIANGDILE0.04gˑcm-3HE0.07gˑcm-3。DENGDANTIAOJIANXIA,N4CHULITURANGDERONGZHONGZUIGAO,M2N2CIZHI,M4CHULITURANGRONGZHONGZUIDI。

幸运飞艇app   2.3BUTONGDANFEICHULIDUITURANGYOUJIZHIHANLIANGDEYINGXIANG

  YUCK0XIANGBI,BUTONGDANFEICHULITURANGYOUJIZHIHANLIANGJUNCHENGXIANBUTONGSHUIPINGDESHENGGAO,YOUJIZHIHANLIANGSHENGGAOFANWEIWEI2.63%~84.35%。DENGDANTIAOJIANXIA,M4CHULIDEYOUJIZHIHANLIANGZUIGAO,YOUJIFEIDESHIRUDUIYUTIGAOYOUJIZHIHANLIANGYOUCUJINZUOYONG,BINGJUYOUXIANZHUCHAYI(P<0.05)。

幸运飞艇app   2.4BUTONGDANFEICHULIDUITURANGYANGFENDEYINGXIANG

幸运飞艇app   YUCK0XIANGBI,TURANGQUANLIANGYANGFENCHUQUANJIAHEN2CHULIQUANLINCHENGXIANJIANGDIQUSHIWAI,QIYUJUNCHENGXIANSHENGGAOQUSHI。CK、N2、N4FENBIESHITURANGQUANDANHANLIANGTISHENGLE25%、23%HE28%,ERYOUJIFEIYUHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHI(M2N2)TIGAOLE57%,DANSHIYOUJIFEITIGAOLE97%。DENGDANTIAOJIANXIA,N4、M2N2、M4CHULIJIANQUANDANHANLIANGYOUXIANZHUCHAYI(P<0.05),QIEDANSHIYOUJIFEITURANGQUANDANHANLIANGZUIGAO。YUCK0XIANGBI,GECHULITURANGQUANJIAHANLIANGJUNCHENGXIAJIANGQUSHI,XIAJIANGFANWEIZAI7.08%~17.27%ZHIJIAN。GECHULIQUANLINHANLIANGBIANHUAFANWEIZAI-4%~332%ZHIJIAN,YOUJIFEISHIYONGXIANZHUTIGAOLEQUANLINDEHANLIANG,ERHUAXUEDANFEIDUIQUANLINDEHANLIANGBIANHUAYINGXIANGBUMINGXIAN。

幸运飞艇app   DUIYUTURANGSUXIAOYANGFEN,YUCK0XIANGBI,GECHULIJIANJIEDANHANLIANGJUNYOUSUOTISHENG,N4、M2N2、M4CHULIYUCK0XIANGBIYOUXIANZHUTISHENG,QIEN4CHULIJIANJIEDANHANLIANGZUIGAO。GECHULITURANGSUXIAOJIAHANLIANGBIANHUAFANWEIZAI-65.31%~28.92%ZHIJIAN,YUCK0XIANGBI,DANSHIYOUJIFEISHIYONGZENGJIALETURANGSUXIAOJIAHANLIANG,BUSHIFEI、DANSHIDANFEIJIYOUJIFEIDANFEIPEISHICHULITURANGSUXIAOJIAHANLIANGJUNCHENGJIANGDIQUSHI。DENGDANTIAOJIANXIA,M4CHULIDESUXIAOJIAHANLIANGZUIGAO,N4CHULIDESUXIAOJIAHANLIANGZUIDI,CHENGXIANCHUXIANZHUCHAYI(P<0.05)。GECHULITURANGSUXIAOLINHANLIANGYUCK0XIANGBICHENGXIANXIANZHUSHENGGAODEQUSHI,QIZHONGYOUJIFEICHULI(M2N2、M4)JIAOHUAXUEDANFEICHULITISHENGJIAODUO,QIEGECHULIJIANCHAYIXIANZHU(P<0.05)。

幸运飞艇app   2.5BUTONGDANFEICHULIGEFEILIZHIBIAODEZHUCHENGFENFENXI

幸运飞艇app   GENJUTONGJIXUEDEYUANLI,DANGGEZHUCHENGFENDELEIJIGONGXIANLV>85%SHI,JIKEFANYINGXITONGDEBIANYIXINXI,TONGSHITEZHENGZHIZAIMOUZHONGYIYISHANGYEKEKANCHUGEZHUCHENGFENYINGXIANGDUDAXIAO[13-14]。BENSHIYANDI1ZHUCHENGFEN(PC1)DETEZHENGGENWEI8.58,GONGXIANLVYIJINGDADAOLE85.8%,DIERZHUCHENGFENDETEZHENGGENWEI1.12,GONGXIANLVDADAO11.2%,QIANLIANGGEZHUCHENGFENLEIJIGONGXIANLVDADAOLE97%,QIEZHENGTIMEIYOUBIANLIANGDIUSHI,KEYIYONGLAIFANYINGTURANGNEIYANGFENDEBIANYIQINGKUANG,NENGGOUJIESHIJUEDABUFENBIANYI。

幸运飞艇app   PC1YONGYUJIESHISHIFEIYUBUSHIFEICHULIDECHAYI,PC2YONGYUJIESHIYOUJIFEIYUHUAXUEDANFEICHULIDECHAYI。QIZHONG,CKCHULIDUIGEFEILIZHIBIAOYINGXIANGJUNJIAORUO,M2N2CHULIYUCHANLIANGXIANGGUANXINGZUIQIANG,M4CHULIYUYOUJIZHI、QUANLINXIANGGUANXINGZUIQIANG。CIWAI,M2N2YUYOUJIZHI、QUANLIN、ZONGDAN、SUXIAOJIA、CHANLIANG、SUXIAOLIN、JIANJIEDANCHENGZHENGXIANGGUAN,YURONGZHONG、pHZHI、QUANJIACHENGFUXIANGGUANGUANXI。SUXIAOLINZAIPC1SHANGDEGONGXIANZUIDA,QUANJIAZAIPC1SHANGDEZAIHEGONGXIANZHIZUIXIAO。M4CHULIWEIYUPC2DEZHENGBANZHOU,ERM2N2HEN4CHULIWEIYUPC2DEFUBANZHOU。SUXIAOJIAZAIPC2SHANGDEZAIHEGONGXIANZHIZUIDA,SUXIAOLINZAIPC2SHANGDEGONGXIANZUIXIAO。

  3.TAOLUNYUJIELUN

  DANFEIZUOWEIZHIWUSHENGZHANGBIXUDEZHONGYAOYUANSUYIBEIGUANGFANSHIYONG,ZHANGQIBUTONGLIANG、BUTONGXINGSHIDANFEI(BUSHIFEI、HUAXUEDANFEI、YOUJIFEI)SHIYONGSUITIGAOLEYUMICHANLIANG,DANTIGAOCHENGDUCUNZAICHAYI,QIEDUITURANGFEILIZHIBIAOCHANSHENGLEBUTONGCHENGDUDEYINGXIANG。DANSHIHUAXUEDANFEI(N2、N4)JIANGDILETURANGpH,ZHUYAOYOUYUNIAOSUJINGSHUIJIE、XIAOHUAHOUSHENGCHENGNO3-,YUTURANGZHONGH+JIEHE,DAOZHITURANGpHXIAJIANG[15]。TONGSHI,YEZENGJIALETURANGRONGZHONG,ZHEIYUDANSHIHUAXUEDANFEISHIDETURANGBANJIE,ZAOCHENGRONGZHONGZENGJIAYOUGUAN[16]。DONGZEPENGDENG[17]YANJIUBIAOMINGDANSHIHUAFEIHUIYIDINGCHENGDUTISHENGSUXIAOYANGFEN,DANDUIQUANLIANGYANGFENDECUJINZUOYONGBUMINGXIAN。

幸运飞艇app   BENYANJIUJIEGUOXIANSHIHUAXUEDANFEIDESHIRUZENGJIALETURANGQUANDAN、JIANJIEDAN、SUXIAOLINDENGSUXIAOYANGFENDEHANLIANG[18],YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGCUJINLEZUOWUCHANLIANGDEZENGJIA,SHIDEGUIHAITURANGDEZUOWUCANLIUWU(RUGENCHA、JIEGAN)ZENGJIA,CONGERTIGAOLETURANGYOUJIZHIHANLIANG[19]。RANER,DANSHIHUAXUEDANFEIHEBUSHIFEICHULI,YOUYUMEIYOUWAIYUANJIASUGONGJI,BINGQIEGENCHAGUIHAITURANGBUFENSHAOYUZUOWUSHENGZHANGXUYAOBUFEN,YINCITURANGQUANJIA、SUXIAOJIAHANLIANGXIANZHUXIAJIANG。TURANGQUANJIAHANLIANGZHUYAOYUMUZHIHENIANTUKUANGWUYOUGUAN,ERSUXIAOJIAHANLIANGSHOUQUANJIAHESHIFEIDEYINGXIANG[20]。YOUJIFEIDESHIYONGZONGTISHANGDUIQUANLIANGHESUXIAOYANGFENDETISHENGXIAOGUOYOUYUHUAXUEDANFEIDESHIYONG,KEYIGAISHANYANGFENRONGKU,TIGAOTURANGDEGONGFEIRONGLIANG,DUITISHENGYUMICHANLIANGGENGMINGXIAN[21]。QIZHONG,YOUJIFEIYUHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHISHIGECHULIZHONGZENGCHANXIAOGUOZUIGAODE。

  YUCK0XIANGBI,YOUJIFEISHIRUYEJIANGDILETURANGpHZHI(YOUJIFEIHEHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHIJIAODANSHIYOUJIFEIXIAJIANGJIAODUO),DANXIAJIANGFUDUDIYUDANSHIHUAXUEDANFEI,SHUOMINGYOUJIFEIDESHIYONGKEYIJIANHUANDANSHIHUAXUEDANFEIDUITURANGZAOCHENGDESUANHUA。CIWAI,QIBUCHONGLETURANGYOUJIZHIDESUNSHI,WEICHILEJIAOHAODETURANGRONGZHONG[22]。RANER,YUCK0XIANGBI,YOUJIFEIDESHIRUSUIXIANZHUZENGJIALETURANGSUXIAOJIADEGONGYING,DANYIDINGCHENGDUJIANGDILETURANGQUANJIAHANLIANG,ZENGJIALETURANGJIASUSUNSHIDEFENGXIAN[23],DANDANSHIYOUJIFEINENGGOUHUANJIEHUAXUEDANFEIYINQIDETURANGQUANJIADEXIAJIANG[24]。ZONGTIKAN,M2N2CHULIZENGJIALEQUANDAN、QUANLIN、JIANJIEDAN、SUXIAOLINHANLIANG,SHITURANGDEFEILISHUIPINGDEDAOTISHENG,QIETURANGDEGONGFEINENGLIWENDING,ZUIYOULIYUZUOWUDESHENGZHANGHEPEIFEITURANG。DALIANGYANJIUYEBIAOMINGYOUJIFEIYUHUAFEIPEISHIXIAOGUOHAOYUDANSHIQIZHONGYIZHONG,KEYITIGAOTURANGZHILIANGJIZUOWUPINZHI[8,25]。

幸运飞艇app   ZHANGQIHUAXUEDANFEIHEYOUJIFEISHIYONGYINGXIANGLETURANGZHUDUOFEILIZHIBIAOJIQIZHIJIANDEGUANXI。YINGYONGZHUCHENGFENFENXINENGGOUCONGFUZADALIANGDESHUJUZHONGTIQUCHUYIDINGDEGUILV,DECHUXIZHIKEGUANDEJIELUN,DUIYUYANJIUBUTONGXINGSHIDANFEISHIYONGDUITURANGFEILIZHIBIAODEYINGXIANGFENXIYOUZHEZHONGYAODEYIYI[26]。BENYANJIUZHUCHENGFENFENXIZHIGUANFANYINGCHUZHANGQIBUSHIFEI、DANSHIHUAXUEDANFEI、YOUJIFEIHEHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHI、DANSHIYOUJIFEIDUITURANGGEFEILIZHIBIAODEYINGXIANGZAIGEXIANGXIANCHENGNISHIZHENDEGUILVBIANHUA,QIZHONGYOUJIFEIHEHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHINENGGOUZHENGXIANGYINGXIANGGENGDUODEZHIBIAO,QIEZHIBIAOJIANZHENGXIANGXIANGGUANGUANXIJINMI。YOUJIZHI、QUANDAN、QUANLIN、SUXIAOLIN、SUXIAOJIAZHIJIANJUNCHENGZHENGXIANGGUANGUANXI,JITURANGYANGFENWEICHIZAIYIZHONGXIANGDUIPINGHENGZHUANGTAI,MOUYIZHONGYANGFENDESHIHENGJIANGHUIYINQIQITADEYANGFENFENGQUEPINGHENG。

幸运飞艇app   DENGDANTIAOJIANXIA,M2N2CHULIYUCHUpHWAIDEQIYUYANGFENZHIBIAOXIANGGUANXINGJIAOQIANG,BINGZHIJIEYINGXIANGZUOWUCHANLIANG,SHUOMINGYOUJIFEIYUHUAFEIPEISHIYOULIYUPINGHENGYANGFENHETURANGPEIFEI。TURANGRONGZHONGYUCHUQUANJIAWAIDEQIYUFEILIZHIBIAOCHENGFUXIANGGUANGUANXI,JIRONGZHONGYUEDATURANGDEFEILIZHIBIAOYUEDI,TURANGDEYANGFENGONGYINGNENGLIYUERUO。CIWAI,GECHULIDUIQUANJIADEDIAOKONGJUNJIAORUO,YINCIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYEFANYINGLEZHEIXIECHULICUNZAITURANGJIASUDEQIANZAISUNSHI。

幸运飞艇app   31NIANHUAXUEDANFEIHEYOUJIFEIDESHIYONGDUIZONGRANGFEILIZHIBIAOCHANSHENGLEBUTONGCHENGDUDEYINGXIANG:YUBUSHIFEIXIANGBI,HUAXUEDANFEIHEYOUJIFEISHIYONGJUNTIGAOLEYUMIDECHANLIANG,DANSHIGAOLIANGHUAXUEDANFEICHULIZENGCHANXIAOGUOZUICHA,YOUJIFEIYUHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHIZENGCHANXIAOGUOZUIMINGHAO;DENGDANTIAOJIANXIA,YOUJIFEIHEHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHIGENGYOULIYUPEIFEITURANG,HUANJIEHUAXUEDANFEIZAOCHENGDEBULIANGYINGXIANG,SHIGEFEILIZHIBIAOXIANGLIYONGCHANLIANGFANGXIANGFAZHAN;YOUJIFEIYUHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHIDUITURANGSUXIAOLIN、ZONGDAN、JIANJIEDAN、YOUJIZHI、QUANLIN、SUXIAOJIAJUYOUZHENGXIANGGUANDIAOKONGZUOYONGDUIRONGZHONGHEpHFUXIANGGUANDIAOKONGZUOYONGJIAOQIANG,ERHUAXUEDANFEIDUIRONGZHONGDEZHENGXIANGGUANDIAOKONGHEpHZHI、QUANJIADEFUXIANGGUANDIAOKONGJIAOQIANG。YINCI,YOUJIFEIYUHUAXUEDANFEIPEISHIZUIYOULIYUZUOWUZENGCHANHEPEIFEITURANG,DANXUYAOZHUYITURANGZHONGJIASUDEQIANZAISUNSHI。

  CANKAOWENXIAN:

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