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农业论文

畜禽粪便挥发性有机物的研究进展及其在动物健康诊断应用中的潜力

时间:2020年03月23日 所属分类:农业论文 点击次数:

幸运飞艇appZHAIYAO:HUIFAXINGYOUJIWU(VOCs)SHIYANGZHIYEFENWUZAOCHENGKONGQIWURANDEZHONGYAOYUANTOU。SUIZHEGAOTONGLIANGCEXUDENGHUAXUEJIANCEJISHUHESHENGWUXINXIXUEDENGSHENGWUYANJIUJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHAN,SHENDURENZHIFENBIANVOCsZUCHENGBINGDUIQIJINXINGLIYONGCHENGWEIKENENG。BENWENDUIVOCsDEDINGYIHELAIYUAN、WEIHAIHEJIANCEFANGFA,YIJICHUQINFENBIANVOCsZAIDONGWUJIANKANGZHEN

幸运飞艇app   ZHAIYAO:HUIFAXINGYOUJIWU(VOCs)SHIYANGZHIYEFENWUZAOCHENGKONGQIWURANDEZHONGYAOYUANTOU‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‍‌‍。SUIZHEGAOTONGLIANGCEXUDENGHUAXUEJIANCEJISHUHESHENGWUXINXIXUEDENGSHENGWUYANJIUJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHAN,SHENDURENZHIFENBIANVOCsZUCHENGBINGDUIQIJINXINGLIYONGCHENGWEIKENENG‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‍‌‍。BENWENDUIVOCsDEDINGYIHELAIYUAN、WEIHAIHEJIANCEFANGFA,YIJICHUQINFENBIANVOCsZAIDONGWUJIANKANGZHENDUANZHONGDEQIANZAILIYONGJIAZHIJINXINGZONGSHU,ZHIZAIWEIJINYIBUJIANGFENBIANVOCsYONGYUDONGWUJIANKANGZHENDUANTIGONGLILUNJICHU‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‍‌‍。

  GUANJIANCI:CHUQINFENBIAN;HUIFAXINGYOUJIWU;WEIHAI;JIANCE;YINGYONG

畜牧养殖

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  ZUOYOUDECHENGNIANNAINIUMEITIANPAIFEN30~50kg,PAINIAO15~25kg[1]。JIASHEMEINIANCHENGNIANNAINIUZHAN50%,YINIANNAINIUPAIFENLIANGZONGJIYUE6YIt,

  CONGERCHANSHENGDALIANGDEVOCs。YANJIUXIANSHI,GANNAIQIYUMIRUQINAINIUFENBIANMEITOUMEIMIAOCHANSHENGZONGYOUJIQITI(TotalOrganicGases,TOGs)FENBIEWEI12μgHE18μg,QIZHONGFANYINGYOUJIQITI(ReactiveOrganicGases,ROGs)ZHAN74%~77%,TOGsBAOHANJIAWAN、ROGsYIJIBINGTONGHEBINGQUAN,CHUJIAWANWAI,LINGWAIJIZHONGQITIDOUSHUYUVOCs[2]。YUELAIYUEDUODEYANJIUFAXIAN,TONGGUOJINGQUEJIANCEVOCs,BINGYUDONGWUJITIJIANKANGXINXIJINXINGGUANLIANKEWEIDONGWUJIANKANGDEWUSUNJIANCETIGONGZHONGYAOLILUNZHICHENG。

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  GENJUWOGUOSHENGTAIHUANJINGBUDINGYI,VOCsSHIZHIZAIBIAOZHUNZHUANGTAIXIA,BAOHEZHENGQIYAGAOYU13.33Pa,ERFEIDIANDI、FENZILIANGXIAO、CHANGWENYIHUIFADEYIXILIEYOUJIWU(BUHANJIAWAN)[4]。MEIGUOHUANJINGBAOHUJU(EPA)RENWEIVOCsSHIYIZHONGYOUJIHUAHEWU,QIZUCHENGWUNENGGOUZAICHANGWENCHANGYADESHINEIDAQITIAOJIANXIAZHENGFA[5]。MEIGUOGUOJIAYANJIUWEIYUANHUIJIANGVOCsMIAOSHUWEIYIZHONGZAISHIWENXIARONGYIQIHUA,QIEJUYOUQIANGLIEDECIJIXINGQIWEI、DUXINGHEZHIAIXINGDEYOUJIHUAHEWU[6]。DONGWUFENBIANDUIJISHICHUMUYESHENGCHANZHONGVOCsSHENGCHENGDEZHUYAOLAIYUAN,YINCIDUIYUYIJIYUEHUAWEIZHUYAOTEDIANDECHUMUYELAISHUO,CHUQINFENBIANDALIANGDUIJI,WEISHENGWUHUODONGHUIBUDUANLEIJIVOCs,CONGERSHIZHENGGEYANGZHICHANGYIJIZHOUWEIDEHUANJINGBUDUANEHUA。

  2CHUQINFENBIANVOCsDEWEIHAIHEJIANCEFANGFA

  MUQIAN,YOUGUANHUAGONGXINGYEVOCsPAIFANGZAOCHENGDEHUANJINGWENTIYIJINGBEIGUANGFANRENSHIHEBAODAO,DANYOUGUANCHUQINFENBIANVOCsDECHANSHENGHEPAIFANGDUICHUQINBENSHENHEZHANGQIGONGZUOZAICHUMUYEYIXIANDECONGYEZHEDEYINGXIANGYANJIUJIAOSHAO。TONGSHI,JIACHUFENBIANCUNZAIZHEJIQIFUZAQIEJUYOUJIQIANGHUIFAXINGDEVOCsHUNHEWU,QIZHUYAOCHENGFENWEICHUN、QUAN、FANGXIANGZUHUAHEWUWANTINGDENG,TISHICHUQINFENBIANZHONGVOCsDEYANJIUJUYOUQIANZAIJIAZHI。

  2.1VOCsDEWEIHAITEZHENG

幸运飞艇app   VOCsSHICHENGSHIWUMAIHEGUANGHUAXUEWURANDEZHONGYAOLAIYUAN。ZAIDUILIUCENGZHONG,VOCsKETONGGUOWULIGUOCHENGDESHICHENJIANGHEGANCHENJIANGQUCHU,TONGGUOGUANGJIE、YUQIANGJI(OH)ZIYOUJIFANYING、YUXIAOSUANYAN(NO3)ZIYOUJIFANYINGHEYUO3FANYINGDEHUAXUEGUOCHENGZHUANHUA[7]。ZAIDANYANGHUAWU(NOx)HEYANGGUANGDEZHAOSHEXIA,VOCsDEJIANGJIEFANYINGDAOZHINOZHUANHUAWEINO2,XINGCHENGO3。ZAIVOC/NOxBIZHIDASHI,YEJIUSHISHOUDAONOxDEXIANZHISHI,HUIYINGXIANGNENGGOUXINGCHENGDECHOUYANGNONGDUZUIDAZHI;ZAIVOC/NOxBIZHIXIAOSHI,ZIYOUJIBIANHUAHUIYINGXIANGCHOUYANGXINGCHENGDECHUSHISULV[8]。ERCIYOUJIQIRONGJIAO(SOA)DESHENGCHENGYEYUVOCsMIQIEXIANGGUAN,SOASHIYOUVOCsYANGHUAHOUXINGCHENGDEQITIKELIPINGHENGZHUANGTAIWUZHI[9]。RuleDENG[10]YANJIUFAXIAN,ZHUFENZAIFAJIAOGUOCHENGZHONGCHANSHENGDALIANGVOCs,JINERXINGCHENGYOUKELIWUZHI、HUOXIJUNHEVOCsZUCHENGDEQIRONGJIAO,CONGERDUIGONGRENJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGXINGCHENGWEIXIE。

  CHUQINFENBIANCHUCUNGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUJIZHIDEJIANGJIEKECHANSHENGVOCs。LIRU,JIABENSHIYIZHONGGUANGFANCUNZAIYUJIACHUFENBIANZHONGDEVOCs[11-12]。JIABENSHIYOUBENHUANDEYIGEQINGYUANZIBEIJIAJITIDAIHOUDEDAODEYIZHONGVOCs,SHUYUFANGXIANGZUHUAHEWU。ZHANGQIJIECHUJIABENKEDAOZHISHENJINGXINGWEISHOUSUN,BIAOXIANWEITOUTONG、SHISHUI、JIYILIXIAJIANGHETINGLISHOUSUN[13]。JIABENDESHENJINGDUXINGZHUYAOTIXIANZAI2GEFANGMIAN:①JIABENBAOLUKEDAOZHIGUANSUANZHUANYUNTIGONGNENGSHOUSUN,DAOZHIGUANSUANSHENGGAO,CONGERYINQIYIYANGHUADANHEMEIHUOXINGHEYIYANGHUADANNONGDUZENGGAO,ZUIZHONGYINQIHAIMASUNSHANG。②JIABENBAOLUKETIGAOXIBAONEIGAINONGDUHEXIBAODIAOWANG,CONGERSHIHAIMASHOUSUN[14]。

  LINGWAI,JIABENDUINAO、XINZANG、FEI、GANZANG、SHENDOUYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDESUNHAI。JIABENJUYOUQINZHIXING,NENGGOUTONGGUOXUENAOPINGZHANGJINRUNAO,GUQINENGZAIGANZANG、SHENDENGZHIFANGJIAODUODEBUWEIFUJI。DANGDONGWUTIFASHENGJIABENJIXINGZHONGDUSHI,YIBIAOXIANWEITOUYUN、EXINBINGBANSUITIWENSHENGGAOHEHUNSHUI,JINERZHUANWEIHUXIKUNNAN、XUEYAXIAJIANG、CHOUCHUZHIZHISIWANG[15]。YOUYANJIUBIAOMING,JIXINGZHONGDUKEYINQIZHONGDUXINGNAOBING,CHUXIANYISHIBUQINGJIJINGSHENZHANGAI[16]。CHUQINFENBIANZHONGCUNZAIYIDINGNONGDUDEJIABEN,LIRU,MIRUZHONGQINAINIUMEITOUMEITIANKECHANSHENGYUE700mgJIABEN(BIAO2),DANGRENLEIJIECHU50mg/LJIABENJIUHUICHANSHENGQINGWEISHISHUIHETOUTONGXIANXIANG,ZAOCHENGXINJISHOUSUN[17]HEJITIYANGHUAYINGJI[18]。ZHEIXIEJIEGUOTISHI,CHUMUYIXIANGONGZUOZHEXUYAODUICHUQINFENBIANZHONGDEJIABENZUOHAOFANGHU。RANER,CHUQINFENBIANCHANSHENGDEJIABENBAOLUDUICHUQINSHENGLIDAIXIEHESHENGCHANXINGNENGDEYINGXIANGRENGRANYOUDAIJINYIBUTANJIU。

  FENCHOUSUYOUMING3-JIAJIYINDUO,SHIL-SEANSUANDEDAIXIECHANWU,JUYOUFENCHOUWEI。ZAIDONGWUTINEI,L-SEANSUANTUOANSHENGCHENGYINDUOBINGTONGSUAN,JINYIBUZHUANHUAWEIYINDUO,ZAITUOSUOMEIZUOYONGXIASHENGCHENGYINDUO-3-YISUANHOU,ZUIZHONGZHUANHUACHENG3-JIAJIYINDUO。FENCHOUSUZHUYAOZAIFANCHUDONGWULIUWEI、DANWEIDONGWUDACHANGDENGYANYANGTIAOJIANXIAYOUXIAOHUADAOWEISHENGWUCHANSHENG,YIBUFENBEIJITIXISHOUJINRUGANZANG,QIDAIXIECHANWUYOUFENHENIAOPAICHU,WEIPAICHUDEFENCHOUSUCUNCHUYUZHIFANG、GANZANGDENGZUZHIZHONG[19]。

  LICAIYANDENG[20]CAIYONGGAOXIAOYEXIANGSEPUFACEDINGZHUFENBIANXIJUNQUNZUOYONGXIAL-SEANSUANTIWAIDAIXIEDEFAJIAOCHUSHIYANGPINZHONG,CEDEFENCHOUSUHANLIANGWEI11.05μmol/L。JINYIBUYANJIUFAXIAN,DANGCHUQINJINXINGFENCHOUSUBAOLUSHI,ZAIXIBAOSESUP450DEZUOYONGXIA,CHANSHENGDAFENZILIANZHONGJIANTIYIJIQIANGJI、ANJIHUOQIUJIDENG,SHIXIBAOMOFASHENGZHIZHIGUOYANGHUA,JINERZAOCHENGXIBAOHUAISI,BINGZAOCHENGDONGWUDEFEISHUIZHONG[19]。TONGSHI,FENCHOUSUJUYOUKEXUANZEXINGFEIYANQIUJUNDUXING,KEZAOCHENGⅠ-XINGFEIXIBAOHEXIZHIQIGUANSHANGPIXIBAOSUNSHANG,ZUIZHONGDAOZHIFEIQIZHONG[19,21]。LINGYIXIEYANJIUFAXIAN,FENCHOUSUDUIMOUXIEWEISHENGWU(RUSHISUANRUGANJUN、DAIXIANMAODEYUANSHENGJUNDENG)CUNZAIYIZHIZUOYONG[22],CONGERYINGXIANGDONGWUDUIYINGYANGWUZHIDEXIAOHUA,TISHIFENCHOUSUDUIXIAOHUADAOWEISHENGWUJUNQUNHEGONGNENGJUYOUZHONGYAODIAOKONGZUOYONG。SHANGSHUJIEGUOBIAOMING,DANGCHUMUYECONGYEZHEHECHUQINBAOLUYUJIABEN、FENCHOUSUDENGFENBIANVOCsSHI,JITIDAIXIEHEJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGCUNZAIQIANZAIFENGXIAN。

幸运飞艇app   2.2VOCsDEZHUYAOJIANCEFANGFA

  VOCsDUIHUANJINGYIJIRENLEIJIANKANGDENGDEYINGXIANGYUELAIYUESHOUDAORENMENDEZHONGSHI,SUOYIDUIVOCsDEYANJIUYEYUELAIYUEDUO。TONGSHI,SUIZHEKEJIFAZHAN,JIANCEVOCsDEFANGFAYEYUELAIYUEJINGXI,VOCsYANJIUYAODIANZAIYUYANGPINQIANCHULIHEVOCsJIANCE。YANGPINQIANCHULIZHUYAOYOURONGJICUIQUFA、CHUISAOBUJIFA、JINGTAIDINGKONGFAHEGUXIANGWEICUIQUFA。

  RONGJICUIQUFASHICHUANTONGDETIQUGONGYI,ZHUYAOLIYONGYANGPINZHONGBUTONGZUFENZAIBUTONGRONGJIZHONGRONGJIEDUDECHAYIDUIYANGPINJINXINGFUJI,CONGERSHIXIANFENLI、CHUNHUA。HUAQINGSU、CHADUOFENDENGZHONGYAOCHENGFEN、DADUOSHUJINGYOUDETIQUDENGJUNYONGRONGJICUIQUFA[23-24],VOCsCEDINGSHIYONGJIAOSHAO。CHUISAOBUJIFAZHUYAOLIYONGDUOXINGQITIJIANGVOCsLIANXUCHUICHU,RANHOUTONGGUOXIFUJIJIANGQIBUJI,ZUIHOUJIEXIYUYISHIFANG。CHUISAOBUJIFASHIYONGYUCUIQUFEIDIANDIYU200℃,RONGJIEDUXIAOYU2%DEVOCs,ZAISHUIHUANJINGVOCsDEJIANCEZHONGGUANGFANYINGYONG‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‍‌‍‌‍‌‍。JINGTAIDINGKONGFAZHUYAOJIANGYANGPINFENGBIYURONGQINEI,TONGGUOSHENGGAOWENDUSHIVOCsYICHU,BINGQUDEYANGPINYONGYUQIXIANGFENXI。JINGTAIDINGKONGFASHIYONGYUSHUSHUIXING、FEIDIANDIDEHUAHEWU。

幸运飞艇app   GUXIANGWEICUIQUZHUYAOSHILIYONGTUYOUXIFUJIDESHIYINGXIANWEICUIQUTOUXIFUDAICEWULIYONGYANGPINYUCUIQUXIANGDEBAOHELAISHIXIANWEICUIQU。MUQIANCEDINGVOCsSHIYONGJIAODUODESHICHUISAOBUJIFAHEJINGTAIDINGKONGFA。LINGWAI,TONGGUODUOZHONGJISHUXIANGJIEHEKEYITIGAOVOCsDEHUISHOULV,RUDINGKONGGUXIANGWEICUIQU。LoDENG[25]CAIYONGDINGKONGGUXIANGWEICUIQUHEXINXINGDUOWEIQIXIANGSEPU-ZHIPU-XIUJUECEDINGFA(MDGC-MS-O)XITONGTONGSHISHIBIECONGZHUFENZHONGPAIFANGDEVOCsHEXIANGGUANQIWEI,GONGJIANDINGCHU295ZHONGFENZILIANGWEI34~260DEHUAHEWU,QIZHONG71ZHONGHUAHEWUSHIJUYOUCHOUWEIDEHUAHEWU,TISHIDINGKONGGUXIANGWEICUIQUDENGVOCsTIQUFANGFAYUXIANDAIGAOTONGLIANGJIANCEJISHUDELIANHEYINGYONG,JIANGCHENGWEISHENRUYANJIUFENWUZHONGVOCsZUCHENGHEGONGNENGDEZHONGYAOFANGFA。

  VOCsDECEDINGFANGFAZHUYAOYOUQIXIANGSEPUFA、QIXIANGSEPU-ZHIPULIANYONG、GAOXIAOYEXIANGSEPUFA、MODAORUSEPUFA、GUANGSHENGGUANGPUFADENG,JIAOWEICHANGYONGDESHIQIXIANGSEPUFA、QIXIANGSEPU-ZHIPULIANYONG。

幸运飞艇app   QIXIANGSEPUFASHIYONGYUFENLIYIHUIFAERBUYIFENJIEDEWUZHI。LIUDONGXIANGSHIZAIQI,TONGCHANGYONGDUOXINGQITIHAIQIHUOZHEYONGDANQIDAITI。GUDINGXIANGZEYOUYIBOCENGYETIHUOZHEJUHEWUFUZHEZAIYICENGDUOXINGDEGUTIBIAOMIANGOUCHENG。GUDINGXIANGZHUANGZAIYOUBOLIHUOJINSHUZHICHENGDEYIGENKONGXINZHUZINEI,CHENGWEISEPUZHU。ZAIQIDAIZHEYANGPINTONGGUOSEPUZHU,YANGPINGEGEZUFENZAILIUDONGXIANGHEGUDINGXIANGZHIJIANDUOCIFENPEIDIAOPING,YOUYUGEGEZUFENDEJIEGOUHELIHUAXINGZHIBUTONG,ZAISEPUZHUZHONGLIUDONGDESUDUYEBUYIYANG,ZHEIYANGGEGEZUFENJIUHUIANZHAOBUTONGSHIJIANSHUNXUCONGSEPUZHUZHONGCHULAI,RANHOUXIANHOUJINRUJIANCEQIERBEIJIANCEDAO。QIXIANGSEPU-ZHIPULIANYONGJISEPUGAOXIAOFENLIYUZHIPUTEYIXINGJIANDINGYUYISHEN。

幸运飞艇app   QIXIANGSEPU-ZHIPULIANYONGKEYONGYUFENLIFUZADEHUNHETIXI,TONGSHIDUIGEZUFENDINGLIANGDINGXING,YENENGJIANCECHUSHANGWEIFENLIDESEPUFENG,LINGMINDUGAO。CAIYONGGUXIANGWEICUIQUYIJIQIXIANGSEPU-ZHIPULIANYONGCEDINGCHUQINFENBIANDEVOCs,JIANDINGCHULENIUFENDE44ZHONG、ZHUFENDE40ZHONG、JIFENDE41ZHONGWUZHI[26];CAIYONGCHUISAOBUJIFAYIJIQIXIANGSEPUFAFENXIZHUFENHAOYANGFAJIAOCHANSHENGDEVOCs,BINGQUEDINGLEZHUFENZHONGZHUYAODEZHICHOUYINZI[27]。HAIYOUYANJIUTONGGUOZHUCHANGFENFEIXIANCHANGSHIYAN,YONGQIXIANGSEPUZHIPULIANYONGYIFENXIFENFEIFAJIAOCHANSHENGLE81ZHONGVOCs,BINGQIEZHUYAOZAIDUIFEIDEQIAN2ZHOUYICHU[28]。

幸运飞艇app   3CHUQINFENBIANVOCsZAIDONGWUJIANKANGZHENDUANZHONGDEYINGYONGJIAZHI

幸运飞艇app   SUIZHEDAIXIEZUXUEJISHUDEKUAISUFAZHAN,FENZHONGVOCsZAIJIBINGJIANCEFANGMIANDEYINGYONGDEDAOLEZHANGZUFAZHAN。MUQIAN,DABUFENJIYUFENBIANVOCsDEJIANKANGZHENDUANJISHUZAIRENLEIYIXUESHANGKAIZHAN。YANJIUFAXIAN,LIYONGHUANZHEFENBIANZHONGDEVOCsLAITIDAIQICHANGDAOHUANJING,KEQUFENYANZHENGXINGCHANGBING(IBD)HECHANGYIJIZONGHEZHENG(IBS)HUANZHE[29];LINGWAIYIXIEYANJIUTONGGUODUIBIJIANKANGHECHANGDAOXINGJIBINGHUANZHEDEFENBIANVOCs,FAXIAN80%DESHOUSHIZHEGONGTONGYONGYOU44ZHONGVOCs,ERQIEYUJIANKANGZUXIANGBI,KUIYANGXINGJIECHANGYANHUANZHEFENBIANZHONGDEHUIFAXINGMOSHIYOUXIANZHUCHAYI,TISHICONGFENBIANZHONGTIQUDEHUIFAXINGYOUJIHUAHEWUJUYOUZHENDUANWEICHANGDAOJIBINGDEQIANLI[30];TONGSHI,FEIPANGFEIJIUJINGXINGZHIFANGGANHUANZHEYUJIANKANGDERENDEFENBIANVOCsCUNZAIXIANZHUCHAYI,QIZHONGFEIPANGFEIJIUJINGXINGZHIFANGGANZUHUANZHEDEFENBIANZHONGZHILEIVOCsXIANZHUGAOYUJIANKANGRENQUN[31],TISHIFENBIANZHONGZHILEIVOCsHANLIANGKEZUOWEIFEIJIUJINGXINGZHIFANGGANDEZHONGYAOSHENGWUBIAOJI。HEISESULIUSHIYIZHONGZUIEXINGDEPIFUAI。YOUYANJIUZHEJIANDINGBINGBIJIAOLEPIXIAZHUSHEB16HEISESULIUXIBAOQIANHOUXIAOSHUNIAOYEHEFENBIANZHONGVOCsZUCHENG,FAXIANZHUSHEB16HEISESULIUXIBAODEXIAOSHUNIAOYEHEFENBIANZHONGFENBIEYOU16ZHONGHE13ZHONGVOCsNONGDUXIANZHUTIGAO,TISHIZHEIXIEVOCsKEZUOWEIHEISESULIUXIBAODEQIANZAISHENGWUBIAOZHIWU[32]。

  ZAIZUIJINDEYIXIANGYANJIUZHONG,93WEIIBSHUANZHEBEISUIJIFENWEIDIFODMAP(DIGUOTANG、BANRUTANG、DIGUATANG、RUTANG、GUOTANGHEDUOYUANCHUN)YINSHIZUHEDUIZHAOZU,FAXIANFENBIANVOCsFENXIKEYIYUCEIBSHUANZHEDUIDIFODMAPYINSHIDEFANYING[33],TISHIFENBIANVOCsSHIZHIZHENGJITIDAIXIEDEZHONGYAOSHENGWUBIAOZHIWU。YANJIUFAXIAN,JITITANGDAIXIESHUIPINGBUJINYUXUEYETONGTI、YICHUN、JIACHUNYOUGUAN,YEYUFENZHONGVOCsNONGDUYOUGUAN,ZHEIYEWEIJIYUFENBIANVOCsSHUIPINGPINGGURENTITANGYUANDAIXIEZHUANGKUANGTIGONGLEYIJU[34]。

幸运飞艇app   WEILEJIEYINGERWEICHANGDAODEFAYUHEWEISHENGWUDINGZHI,CostelloDENG[35]YANJIUBIAOMING,YUWUZHENGZHUANGCHENGNIANRENFENBIANZHONG311ZHONGVOCsXIANGBI,ZAOCHANERFENZHONGVOCsJINJIANCECHU136ZHONG,QIZHONGHANDANHUAHEWUHEHANLIUHUAHEWUDEZHONGLEIHENONGDUXIANZHUJIANGDI,TISHIZAOCHANERFAYUYUCHANGDAOJUNQUNDEGONGNENGDANYIXINGYOUGUAN。LINGWAI,ZAIHUAISIXINGXIAOCHANGJIECHANGYAN(NecrotisingEnterocolitis,NEC)DEYANJIUZHONG,FAXIANNECHUANERTINEIZHILEIVOCs(TEBIESHI2-YIJIJIJIYISUANYIZHI、GUISUANYIZHI、SHIERSUANYIZHIHESHILIUSUANYIZHIZHEI4ZHONGTEYIXINGZHILEI)HANLIANGDIYUJIANKANGYINGER,TISHIVOCsKENENGZAINECDEZAOQISHIBIEZHONGQIZUOYONG[36]。ZHEIXIEYANJIUTISHI,JIYUFENBIANVOCsZUCHENGHENONGDUPANDUANBURUDONGWUJITIDEYINGJIZHUANGKUANGHEDAIXIETEZHENG,SHIYIXIANGJIJUQIANLIDEWUSUNJIANCEJISHU。

  MUQIAN,ZAIDAXINGJIACHU(ZHU、NIUDENG)DEJIBINGZHENDUANHEYINGYANGDAIXIEYANJIUHESHIJIANZHONG,CUNZAIYANGPINCAIJIBUBIANHECHENGBENJIAOGAODEWENTI,JIXUFAZHANJIACHUJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGHEDAIXIETEZHENGDEWUSUNCAIYANGHEJIANCEJISHU。DANZUOWEIYIXIANGZHONGYAODEWUSUNJIANCEJISHU,JIYUFENBIANVOCsDEJIANKANG-DAIXIEZHENDUANJISHUZAICHUMUYEZHONGYANJIUJIAOSHAO。NIAOFENZHIGANJUNFUJIEHEYAZHONG(Mycobacteriumaviumssp.Paratuberculosis,MAP)SHIFANCHUDONGWUMANXINGCHANGDAOJIBINGDEBINGYUANTI,TONGGUODUI42ZHISHANYANG(DUIZHAOZU16ZHI,JIEZHONGMAPJUN26ZHI)DEHUXIHEFENBIANZHONGVOCsJINXINGFENXI,FAXIANGANRANMAPJUNDESHANYANG,FENZHONGVOCsNONGDUXIANZHUSHANGDIAO,TISHIFENBIANZHONGVOCsKEYIDUIFANCHUDONGWUDEMANXINGCHANGDAOJIBINGZUOZAOQIZHENDUAN[37]。

幸运飞艇app   NIUJIEHEBING(BovineTuberculosis)SHIYINGXIANGGONGGONGWEISHENGANQUANHECHUMUYEFAZHANDERENCHUGONGHUANBING,BINGYUANJUNWEINIUXINGJIEHEFENZHIGANJUN(MycobacteriumBovis),JIEZHONGYIMIAOSHIXIANZHINIUJIEHEBINGCHUANBODEZHONGYAOFANGSHI。YANJIUFAXIAN,JIEZHONGLENIUJIEHEBINGYIMIAODEDUNIUHEWEIJIEZHONGYIMIAODEDUNIUFENBIANZHONGDEVOCsZUCHENGCHENGXIANZHUCHAYI,TISHIFENBIANZHONGDEVOCsZAICHUQINYIMIAOJIEZHONGJIANCELINGYUJUYOUZHONGYAOYINGYONGJIAZHI[38]。MANXINGXIAOHAOXINGJIBING(ChronicWastingDisease,CWD)SHIYIZHONGTIANRANCUNZAIDEJUYOUGANRANXING、ZHIMINGXING、CHUANRANXINGDEJINGZHUANGHAIMIANZHUANGNAOBING,GAIJIBINGQUEZHENXUYAOYONGMIANYIZUZHIHUAXUE(IHC)FANGFADUINEICEYANHOULINBAJIEHUONAOZHONGDEGANRANXINGRUANBINGDUJINXINGJIANCE,DANDUISHENGWULIUTIHUOFENBIANZHONGCUNZAIDEDINONGDURUANBINGDUJINXINGIHCJIANCE,JINERSHICWDHUODEQUEZHENBINGBUKEKAO。

  JINQIYANJIUFAXIAN,GANRANCWDDEBAIWEILUYUWEIGANRANCWDDEBAIWEILUDEFENBIANZHONGVOCsCUNZAIXIANZHUCHAYI,TISHIFENBIANVOCsZAIJIANDINGHUOTIDONGWUCWDGANRANZHUANGKUANGZHONGJUYOUZHONGYAOYINGYONGJIAZHI[39]。ZHEIXIEYANJIUJIEGUOTISHI,FENBIANVOCsKEZUOWEIDONGWUJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGHEJIBINGJIANCEDEZHONGYAOSHENGWUBIAOZHIWU。FENBIANVOCsFENXIHAIBEITANSUOYONGYUZHENDUANNIUHUXIDAOJIBING[40]、BUSHIGANJUNBING[41]、TONGZHENGSUANZHONGDU[42]DENG。ZHEIXIEYANJIUTISHI,TONGGUOJIANGCHUQINFENBIANVOCsHEJITIDAIXIEHEJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGJINXINGGUANLIANYANJIUBINGKAIFAJIYUFENBIANVOCsDEJITIDAIXIEHEJIANKANGZHUANGKUANGPINGGUTIXI,JIANGWEIDONGWUDAIXIE-JIANKANGZHUANGKUANGWUSUNJIANCELILUNDEJIANLIHEYINGYONGTIGONGZHONGYAOZHICHENG。

  4XIAOJIE

  SUIZHEVOCsJIANCESHOUDUANDEJINGXIHUAHEXITONGHUAFAZHAN,JIYUBURUDONGWUVOCsDEFENLEIJIANCEHEJINGZHUNCEDINGDEDAOLEZHANGZUFAZHAN,BINGJINYIBUJIEHEFENBIANCAIJIDENGWUSUNYANGPINCAIJIJISHU,SHIQIZAISHENGWUYIYAOLINGYUTEBIESHIJIANKANGZHENDUANLINGYUQUDELEJIAOHAODEYINGYONGQIANJING。JIYUFENBIANVOCsJIANCEDECHUQINJIANKANGZHENDUANJISHUDEKAIFAHEYINGYONG,BINGJIANGQIYUXIANYOUDECHUMUKEXUEJISHUJINXINGJICHENG,SHIBIJIANGJINYIBUTUIDONGCHUMUYEDEFAZHAN。

  CANKAOWENXIAN:

  [1] ZHANGJIANGUO,CAOSUIJIN,RENGUANGZENG,DENG.NAINIUCHANGFENBIANDUIHUANJINGDEWURANJICHULI[J].BEIFANGMUYE:NAINIU,2009(4):32.

幸运飞艇app   [2] ShawSL,MitloehnerFM,WendiJ,etal.Volatileorganiccompoundemissionsfromdairycowsandtheirwasteasmeasuredbyproton-transfer-reactionmassspectrometry[J].EnvironSciTechnol,2007,41(4):1310-1316.

幸运飞艇app   [3] ZHONGGUOTONGJIJU.ZHONGGUOTONGJINIANJIAN[M].BEIJING:ZHONGGUOTONGJICHUBANSHE,2018.

  [4] GUOJIAHUANJINGBAOHUBU.DAQIHUIFAXINGYOUJIWUYUANPAIFANGQINGDANBIANZHIJISHUZHINAN(SHIXING)[S].2014.

  畜牧方向论文投稿刊物:《山西农业畜牧兽医版》Shanxi Agriculture(月刊)2007年创刊,面向农村,普及科技知识,为提高农民素质和发展农村经济服务。本刊聚焦行业热点,交流学术研究,传授养殖业项目和技术。