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教育论文

农林高校生态伦理教育的理论构建与实践路径

时间:2020年01月09日 所属分类:教育论文 点击次数:

ZHAIYAO:SHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUSHIGAOXIAOHUANJINGJIAOYUHEDEYUGONGZUODEZHONGYAONEIRONG,ZAINONGLINGAOXIAOJIAQIANGSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYU,JISHIYINGQIZHUANYETESEHERENCAIPEIYANGTIXI,YOUFUHEXINSHIDAISHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEDEYAOQIU。TONGGUOFENXINONGLINGAOXIAOSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDEXIANZHUANG,RENWEISHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDELILUNGOUJIANBAOKUOSANGEFANGMIANDENEIRONG:YIMAKESIZHUYI

  ZHAIYAO:SHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUSHIGAOXIAOHUANJINGJIAOYUHEDEYUGONGZUODEZHONGYAONEIRONG,ZAINONGLINGAOXIAOJIAQIANGSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYU,JISHIYINGQIZHUANYETESEHERENCAIPEIYANGTIXI,YOUFUHEXINSHIDAISHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEDEYAOQIU。TONGGUOFENXINONGLINGAOXIAOSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDEXIANZHUANG,RENWEISHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDELILUNGOUJIANBAOKUOSANGEFANGMIANDENEIRONG:YIMAKESIZHUYIWEIHEXINDERENYUZIRANGUANXIDESHENGTAIGUANJIAOYU,YI“TIANRENHEYI”WEIGENBENDEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGNONGLINSHENGTAIGUANJIAOYU,YIJIAZHIWEIDAOXIANGDEDONGZHIWUDAODEGUANJIAOYU。WEICI,NONGLINGAODENGYUANXIAOYINGGAIWANSHANSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUJIAOXUEDEKECHENGTIXIJIANSHE,YINGZAORENYUZIRANHEXIEYOUMEIDEXIAOYUANSHENGTAIHUANJING,KAIZHANNONGLINSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUTESEDESHEHUISHIJIANHUODONG,ZHUBUTANSUOFUHENONGLINGAODENGYUANXIAOTESEDESHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUJIZHI。

幸运飞艇app   GUANJIANCI:SHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYU;NONGLINGAOXIAO;LILUN;SHIJIAN

农业生态发展

  农林方向评职知识:农林科学类sci期刊有哪些

  《Journal of Genetics and Genomics》SHIZHONGGUOBAIZHONGZIRANKEXUEHEXINQIKANZHIYI,ZAIWOGUOSHENGWUXUEJIEYONGYOULIANGHAODESHENGYUHEGUANGFANDEDUZHEYUZUOZHEDUIWU,SUOKANDENGDEGAOSHUIPINGLUNWENBEIGUONEIWAIDUOJIAJIANSUOXITONGSHOULU。

  SHENGTAILUNLISHIZAISHENGTAIWENMINGXINSHIDAICHULIRENYUZIRAN、RENYUSHEHUI、RENYURENGUANXIDEXINGWEIGUIFANZHUNZEZHIYI,QIZHONGDIAOSHIRENYUZIRANDEGUANXISHISHENGTAILUNLIDEHEXIN,ERRENYUREN、RENYUSHEHUIGUANXIDEZHIXUGUIFANSHISHENGTAILUNLIDEYIJIANLIDEQIANTIHEJICHU。ZUOWEIYIMENYINGYONGLUNLIXUE,SHENGTAILUNLICEZHONGYU“SHENGTAIREN”DEPEIYANG,“CONGSHENGTAIRENGEDEHUODEDAOSHENGTAIXINGQUDEJIFA、SHENGTAIXIGUANDEYANGCHENG,ZHIZHISHENGTAIXINGWEIDEGUIFAN……DOUYAOXINGCHENGRENYUZIRANWENDINGERYOUHEXIEDEHUDONGYUGOUTONG。”[1]

幸运飞艇app   SHENGTAIRENDEPEIYANGYAOJIZAOJINXING,XITONGDEXUEXIAOJIAOYUZIYUANJIAOHUAPUJISHIZUIZHUYAODETUJING。YINGGUOZHEXUEJIAHUOBUSICENGJINGSHUOGUO,“RENHERENXIANGYAOYINRUMOUZHONGKANSIYOULIDEJIAOHUI,JIUBUDEBUCONGDAXUEKAISHI。NIANQINGRENDUIZIJISUOJIAODAOHECHUANBODEDONGXIDEZHENSHIXINGYUESHIKENDING,TAMENZAIZHEIYANGZUOSHIJIUYUESHICHAOQIPENGBO,CHONGMANHUOLI。”[2]

幸运飞艇app   YINCI,SHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUSHIGAODENGJIAOYUDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。SHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUZHIZAIJIANGSHENGTAILUNLIDEJIBENJIAZHILINIANGUANCHEYUBUTONGCENGJIDEJIAOYUSHIJIANZHIZHONG,PEIYANGJUYOUSHENGTAIWENMINGYISHIHESHENGTAIDAODELINIANDE“SHENGTAIREN”。ZAIGAODENGNONGLINYUANXIAOZHONG,JIAQIANGSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUJIKEYIWEISHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHETIGONGSIXIANGBAOZHENGHEZHILIZHICHI,YOUKEYITUXIANZIRANDEZHENGTIJIAZHI,QIANGHUAHUANJINGBAOHUYISHI;TONGSHIKAIZHANSHENGTAILUNLIJIAZHIGUANJIAOYU,YESHINONGLINGAOXIAOJINXINGSHENGTAISUZHIJIAOYUHEDAXUESHENGDAODEGUANZAISHENGTAIHUANJINGLINGYUDEZHESHE,YINERJUYOUZHONGYAODEXIANSHIYIYI。BENYANJIUZHUYAOLIZUYUNONGLINGAODENGYUANXIAO,TANTAOQIZAISHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYULINGYUDEXIANZHUANG、LILUNGOUJIANYIJISHIJIANLUJING。

幸运飞艇app   YI、NONGLINGAOXIAOSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDEXIANZHUANG

幸运飞艇app   CONGSHENGTAIHUANJINGDESHIJIAOERYAN,NONGYEHELINYEDOUYUZIRANBAOHUHESHENGWUZIYUANDEKAIFALIYONGMIQIEXIANGGUAN,DUITUIDONGSHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEYOUZHEBUKETIDAIDEZUOYONG。NONGLINGAOXIAOZUOWEINONGLINLEIJISHENGTAIHUANJINGLEIRENCAIPEIYANGDEZHUZHENDI,SUOPEIYANGDERENCAISHENGTAIDAODEHESHENGTAIWENHUASUYANGDEGAODIJIANGZHIJIETIXIANZHESHENGTAIWENMINGJISHENGTAISHEHUIJIANSHEDEFAZHANCENGCI。YINCI,TANTAODANGXIANONGLINGAODENGYUANXIAOSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDEXIANZHUANGJIUXIANDEYOUWEIBIYAO。YIJUBIZHESUOZAIDELINYEYUANXIAODESHIJIQINGKUANGLAIKAN,SHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUSHANGWEIXINGCHENGXITONGDE、TESEXIANMINGDEJIAOYUMOSHI,DUIXIANZHUANGCUNZAIDEZHUYAOWENTIGAISHURUXIA。

  (YI)DUISHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDERENSHIBUDAOWEI

  ZHEXUEJIAHEIGEERDUANYAN,JIAOYUBENZHISHANGSHILUNLIJIAOYU。SHENSHIDANGQIANDEJIAOYUQINGJING,ZAIGONGLIZHUYIHESHANGYESHEHUIFAZEDEQUDONGXIA,QIBENZHIQUXIANGBIANYUANWANGWANGKENENGBEIZHEBI,ZHEIYESHIGAOXIAOSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDANHUADEGENBENYUANYIN。DANGXIA,NONGLINGAOXIAODESHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUZHUYAOJIZHONGZAISIXIANGZHENGZHILILUNKECHENGDEXIANGGUANNEIRONGZHIZHONG,WEINENGYUNONGYEHELINYEDENGXIANGGUANZHUANYEJINXINGYOUXIAODEZHENGHE。JIUQIYUANYIN:

幸运飞艇app   1)SHENGTAILUNLIXUEYANJIURENYUZIRANZHIJIANDELUNLIGUANXI,ZHUZHANGZIRANBENSHENDEDAODESHENFENHUOJIANGZIRANWUZHONGKANZUOYURENYIYANGYONGYOUCUNZAIHESHENGMINGQUANLIDESHITI。ZHEIZHONGGUANDIANHENNANQIHEZUOWEI“SHENGCHAN-XIAOFEI”XINGDESHEHUIDUIZIRANZIYUANDESUOQUHEXUQIU,ERDUINONGLINXIANGGUANZHUANYEDEZHISHIXUEXIHEYANJIU,QIZHUYAOMUDEJIUSHIYAOMANZURENLEISHEHUIDUIGAOXIAONONGYEHELINYEDEXUYAO。YINER,DUINONGLINSUOJIDESHENGTAIHUANJINGDELUNLIKAOLIANGZIRANYEJIURUOHUA,SHENZHIYOURENZHIYI,RENYUZIRANZHIJIANSHIFOUCUNZAIZHENZHENGDELUNLIGUANXI。

  2)GAOXIAODEYUGONGZUODEZHUYAONEIRONGDADOUSHIWEIRAORUHECHULIRENYUTAREN、JITIHESHEHUIDEGUANXIZHANKAIDE,ERXIANGDUIHULVELEZENYANGCHULIRENYUFEIRENLEIGETI、WUZHONG、SHENGTAIXITONG,NAIZHISHENGTAIGONGTONGTIDEGUANXIDEJIAOYUNEIRONG。ZHEIZHONGZHIZHONGSHIRENJIZHIJIANDEDAODEJIAOYU,RONGYISHIDEXUESHENGHULVE,NAIZHIFOURENSHENGTAILUNLIJIAZHIQUXIANGDEKENENGXING。JINGUANXUEXIAODESHENGTAIWENMINGJIAOYUNEIHANSHENGTAILUNLIGUAN,DANZHEIZHONGJIAOYUMEIYOUYUSHEHUIHUANJINGXIANSHIXIANGJIEHE,YEWEINENGKAOLVYUXUESHENGXINGWEIXIGUANXIANGYIZHI,GENGMEIYOUYUTAMENDEZHUANYEXUEXIXIANGJIAORONG。

  (ER)QUEFAXITONGDESHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUMOSHI

幸运飞艇app   NONGLINGAOXIAOYOUYUQIZHUANYETEDIAN,YINGGAICHENGWEISHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDEXIANXINGZHE,WEISHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUMOSHIDETANSUOHEWANSHANQIDAOSHIFANZUOYONG。PIRU,DUISHENGTAILUNLITIXIDEGOUJIAN,DUIZIRANZHENGTIJIAZHIDELIJIE、YIJIDUIGETISHENGWU、WUZHONGHESHENGTAIGONGTONGTIDETAIDUHELICHANGDENGZUOCHUDUDAODEJIANJIE。RANER,JIUBIZHESUOLEJIEDEQINGKUANGERYAN,NONGLINLEIGAOXIAODESHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUYUQITAGAOXIAOSHUTUTONGGUI,JINJUXIANYUXIANGGUANKECHENGDEBUFENNEIRONGZHIZHONG,JIAOYUXINGSHIDANYI,BINGQIEWEINENGLUNJIYUNONGLINLEIZHUANYEXIANGGUANDELUNLIWENTI,GUERMEINENGXINGCHENGTESEXIANMINGDEJIAOYULINIANHEMOSHI,QIZHUYAOYUANYINZAIYU:

幸运飞艇app   1)SHENGTAILUNLIZUOWEIZHEXUELUNLIXUEDEYIGEFENZHI,QISIXIANGDETICHUZHEHECHANGDAOZHEDADOUSHIYIWENKEJIANZHANGDEZHUANJIAXUEZHE,YINERRENMENYIWEISHENGTAILUNLISHISHUYURENWENXUEKEDEFANCHOU,SHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUZIRANYINGGAIBEINARURENWENSUZHIJIAOYUDENEIRONGZHIZHONG,ERYUNONGLIN、SHENGTAIHUANJINGLEIZHUANYEJIAOYUFENSHUBUTONGDEXUEKEMENLEI。RUCIYILAI,GUYOUDEXUEKEBILEISHIZHONGWUFAYUYUE,CONGSHI“NONGLIN-RENWEN”KUAXUEKEJIAOXUEYUYANJIUDEFENWEIDANBO,CONGERYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYIZHILESHENGTAILUNLIYANJIUJIQIJIAOYUDEKENENGHEFANGXIANG。

  2)MUQIANGUONEIHUANJINGJIAOYULINGYUHENSHAOYOUSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUFANGMIANDEZHUANYEJIAOCAI,GENGBUYONGSHUOJIAOYUGUIHUAHEXUESHIANPAILE。CIWAI,NONGLINGAOXIAOYEQUEFAXIANGYINGDESHENGTAILUNLIZHUANYEBEIJINGDEJIAOSHIDUIWUHEJIAOXUETUANDUI,ZHEIXIEYINSUYEZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGZHIYUELESHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDEXITONGKAIZHAN。XIANZHUANGDEKAOCHASHIWOMENGANZHIDAO,ZAINONGLINGAODENGYUANXIAOZHONG,KAIZHANSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDEHUANJINGZIYUANYOUSHI,TONGSHIYECONGXIANCUNQUEXIANZHONGMINGQUELESHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDEMUBIAOHEFANGXIANG,ERZHEIXIEDOULIBUKAISHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDELILUNGOUJIANHEYINDAO。

幸运飞艇app   ER、SHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDELILUNGOUJIAN

  ZUOWEISUZHIJIAOYUBUKEHUOQUEDEZUCHENGBUFEN,SHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUBINGFEIJIANDANDESHENGTAIZHISHIDECHUANBOHESHENGTAILUNLIGUIFANDEJIAODAO,ERYINGGAIYOUXITONGDELILUNJIAOYUMOKUAI。GENJUGAOXIAOJUTIDEZHUANYETESEHEJIAOYUHUANJING,JIEHEDANGQIANSHENGTAILUNLIYANJIUGUANZHUDEZHUYAONEIRONG,BIZHERENWEINONGLINGAOXIAOSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUZHISHAOBAOHANSANGEZHUYAOFANGMIANDEJIAOYUNEIRONG:YISHIYIMAKESIZHUYIWEIHEXINDERENYUZIRANGUANXIDESHENGTAIGUANJIAOYU,ERSHIYI“TIANRENHEYI”WEIZONGZHIDECHUANTONGNONGLINSHENGTAIGUANJIAOYU;SANSHIYIJIAZHIWEIDAOXIANGDEDONGZHIWUDAODEGUANJIAOYU。

幸运飞艇app   (YI)MAKESIZHUYISHENGTAIGUANDEJIAOYU

幸运飞艇app   ZAISHENGTAILUNLIXUEYANJIUZHONG,RENYUZIRANZHIJIANDEGUANXISHIQIZUIJIBENDEWENTI。ZHIDEZHONGSHIDESHI,MAKESIZHUYIJINGDIANZUOJIADEZIRANGUANJIUSHIWEIRAOZHEIYIWENTIERZHANKAIDE,ZHEIDUIYUWOMENJINXINGZIRANSHENGTAIGUANJIAOYUJUYOUZHONGYAODECANKAOHEJIAOYUJIAZHI。

  1)ZAIDUIRENYUZIRANGUANXIDELIJIESHANG,MAKESIZHUYIQIANGDIAO,RENSHIZIRANJIEDEYIBUFEN,ZIRANJIESHIRENDEWUJIDESHENTI。“SUOWEIRENDEROUTISHENGHUOHEJINGSHENSHENGHUOTONGZIRANJIEXIANGLIANXI,BUWAISHISHUOZIRANJIETONGZISHENXIANGLIANXI,YINWEIRENSHIZIRANJIEDEYIBUFEN。”[3]“ZIRANJIE,JIUTAZISHENBUSHIRENDESHENTIERYAN,SHIRENDEWUJIDESHENTI,RENKAOZIRANJIESHENGHUO。YEJIUSHISHUO,ZIRANJIESHIRENWEILEBUZHISIWANGERBIXUYUZHICHUYUCHIXUBUDUANDEJIAOHUZUOYONGGUOCHENGDE、RENDESHENTI。”[3]YIWEIZHEZIRANJIESHIRENLEILAIYISHENGCUNDEJICHU,RENZHISHIZIRANJIEZHONGDEYIGEWUZHONG,ERBUSHIQIDUILIMIANHEZHENGFUZHE,ERQIEZUOWEIZIRANSHENGTAIXITONGZHONGDEYIYUAN,RENYUQITAZIRANWUYOUZHEGONGSHENGGONGCUNDEGUANXI。YINCI,XIJINPINGZHICHU:“RENYINZIRANERSHENG,RENYUZIRANSHIYIZHONGGONGSHENGGUANXI,DUIZIRANDESHANGHAIZUIZHONGHUISHANGJIRENLEIZISHEN。”[4]

  2)ZAIRENDUIZIRANDERENSHIHEGAIZAOFANGMIAN,MAKESIZHUYIRENWEI,YAOSHULIZUNZHONGZIRAN、SHUNYINGZIRAN、BAOHUZIRANDESHENGTAILINIAN。ENGESIZAI《ZIRANBIANZHENGFA》ZHONG,XIANGXIKAOCHALERENLEIYUDONGWUZAILIYONGZIRANJIEFANGMIANDECHAYIHOUDECHU,RENSHITONGGUOTASUOZUOCHUDEGAIBIANLAISHIZIRANJIEWEIZIJIDEMUDEFUWU,YIBIANZHIPEIZIRANJIE。ZAILIEJULERENLEIDEXINGWEIDUIZIRANJIEDESHENGTAIHUANJINGZAOCHENGPOHUAIZHIHOU,ENGESIGAOJIERENLEI:“WOMENJUEBUXIANGZHENGFUZHETONGZHIYIZURENNEIYANGZHIPEIZIRANJIE,JUEBUXIANGZHANZAIZIRANJIEZHIWAIDERENSIDEQUZHIPEIZIRANJIE———XIANGFAN,WOMENLIANTONGWOMENDEROU、XUEHETOUNAODOUSHISHUYUZIRANJIEHECUNZAIYUZIRANJIEZHIZHONGDE;WOMENDUIZIRANJIEDEZHENGGEZHIPEIZUOYONG,JIUZAIYUWOMENBIQITAYIQIESHENGWUQIANG,NENGGOURENSHIHEZHENGQUEYUNYONGZIRANGUILV。”[5]

  XIJINPINGTICHU:“RENLEIFAZHANHUODONGBIXUZUNZHONGZIRAN、SHUNYINGZIRAN、BAOHUZIRAN,FOUZEJIUHUIZAODAODAZIRANDEBAOFU。ZHEIGEGUILVSHEIYEWUFAKANGJU。ZHIYOUZUNZHONGZIRANGUILV,CAINENGYOUXIAOFANGZHIZAIKAIFALIYONGZIRANSHANGZOUWANLU。”[4]ZUIHOU,ZAIGOUJIANRENYUZIRANZHIJIANXINXINGGUANXISHANG,DANGDESHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGTICHU“RENYUZIRANSHISHENGMINGGONGTONGTI”。

  ZHEIYIGUANDIANKEXUEBIAOSHULESHENGTAIXITONGGEGEYAOSUZHIJIANDEGUANXI,ZHANGXIANLEZUNZHONGSHENGMINGDELVSESHENGTAIJIAZHIGUAN,SHIDUIMAKESIZHUYIDESHENGTAIXITONGLUNDEFENGFUHEFAZHAN。XIJINPINGZHICHU:“ZIRANJIESHIYIGEXIANGHUYICUN、XIANGHUYINGXIANGDEXITONG,BIRU,SHANSHUILINTIANHUCAOSHIYIGESHENGMINGGONGTONGTI,RENDEMINGMAIZAITIAN,TIANDEMINGMAIZAISHUI,SHUIDEMINGMAIZAISHAN,SHANDEMINGMAIZAITU,TUDEMINGMAIZAISHU。RUGUOZHONGSHUDEZHIGUANZHONGSHU、ZHISHUIDEZHIGUANZHISHUI、HUTIANDEZHIGUANHUTIAN,HENRONGYIGUCISHIBI,ZUIZHONGZAOCHENGSHENGTAIXITONGXINGPOHUAI。”[6]

  XIJINPINGDUOCIZHICHU,LINYESHISHIGUANJINGJISHEHUIKECHIXUFAZHANDEGENBENXINGWENTI,SENLINSHIZIRANSHENGTAIXITONGDEDINGCENG,ZHENGJIUDIQIUSHOUXIANYAOCONGZHENGJIUSENLINKAISHI。YOUCIKEJIAN,“SHENGMINGGONGTONGTI”HANGAILEZIRANJIEYIQIESHENGMING,RUREN、DONGWU、ZHIWU、WEISHENGWUDENG,ZHEIXIESHENGMINGTIXIANGHUZHIJIANTONGGUOWUZHIXUNHUANYUNENGLIANGJIAOHUANXINGCHENGLEBUKEFENGEDEYOUJIZHENGTI。

  (ER)ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAZHONGDENONGLINSHENGTAIGUANJIAOYU

  ZHONGHUAMINZUZAIQIANNIANDENONGGENGWENMINGJINCHENGZHONG,YONGZISHENDEQINLAOHEZHIHUI,CHUANGZAOLEWUBIHUIHUANGDESHENGTAILUNLIWENHUA,XINGCHENGLEDAOFAZIRAN、TIANRENHEYI、RENMINAIWU、YISHIJINFADESHENGTAIJIAZHILINIAN。QIZHONGSHEJINONGLINYEYURENLEIZHIJIANGUANXIDEDALIANGLUNSHU,WEIWOMENJINXINGSHENGTAILUNLIYANJIUHEJIAOYUTIGONGLEBAOGUISIXIANGZIYUAN。

幸运飞艇app   1.DAOFAZIRAN、YISHIJINFADENONGYESHENGTAIFAZHANGUAN

  ZAIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAZHONG,GURENTICHULEXUDUOZAINONGYESHENGCHANFANGMIANDESHENGTAISIXIANG。PIRU,RUJIACHANGDAODE“ZHITIANMINGERYONGZHI”,TUCHURENSHIZIRANWANWUSHENGZHANGGUILVDEZHONGYAOXING;MENGZIMINGQUETICHUQUWUYISHI、“BUWEINONGSHI”DEGUANDIAN,ZHUZHANGYAOZUNXUNNONGZUOWUDESHENGZHANGGUILV,AIXI、BAOHU、BANGZHUCUJINQISHENGZHANGHEFAZHAN。《XUNZI·WANGZHI》ZHONGZHUZHANG“SHANLINZELIANGYISHIJINFA”,ZUODAO“JINQISHIJIN”,JIUSHIYAOGENJUZIRANGUILV,TUCHU“ZUNSHI”DEZHONGYAOXING,QISUOWEI:“YANGZHANGSHIZELIUCHUYU;SHASHENGSHIZECAOMUZHI。CAOMURONGHUAZISHUOZHISHIZEFUJINBURUSHANLIN,BUYAOQISHENG,BUJUEQIZHANGYE;YUANTUO、YUBIE、QIUSHANYUNBIEZHISHI,WANGGUDUYAOBURUZE,BUYAOQISHENG,BUJUEQIZHANGYE。”[7]ZHEIXIEGUANDIAN,ZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGFANYINGLEGURENPOSUDESHENGTAIHUANBAOYISHI。

  2.TIANRENHEYI、RENMINAIWUDESHENGMINGLUNLIGUAN

  “TIANRENHEYI”SHIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUADEZHEXUEGENJI。CONGSHENGTAILUNLIDESHIJIAOERYAN,“TIANRENHEYI”QIANGDIAOLERENSHIZIRANJIEDECHANWU,RENYUZIRANJIESHITONGYIDEZHENGTI,JISUOWEI“YITIANDIWANWUWEIYITI”DEYOUJIZHENGTIYUZHOUGUAN。ZAICIYIYISHANG,RUJIAZHUZHANG“RENYUWULEIBUTONGERGENTONG、XINGBUTONGERYIJIN,DOUTIXIANWEITIANDIDESHENGSHENGDADE,DOUSHENGCUNYUWANWUYITIDEGONGTONGTIZHONG。”[8]

幸运飞艇app   RUJIASUOWEIDE“REN”BUJINZHIXIANGREN,YEZHIXIANGWU,YINER“REN”、“YI”、“LI”ZHEIXIERENJIDAODEGUANNIANKEYIKUOZHANDAOZIRANWANWU,CONGERSHIXIANYOUJIATINGLUNLI、SHEHUILUNLIXIANGSHENGTAILUNLIDETUOZHANHESHENHUA。MENGZITICHULE“QINQINERRENMIN,RENMINERAIWU”DESIXIANG,YAOQIUSHIRENDUIREN、DUIWU,DOUYINGGAICHIYOUYIFEN“BURENZHIXIN”。“JUNZIZHIYUQINSHOUYE,JIANQISHENGBURENJIANQISI,WENQISHENGBURENSHIQIROU”[9]。“RENMINAIWU”,JINGWEIZIRANJIEYIQIESHENGMING,CONGERSHIWANWUZAIGONGTONGDEHUANJINGLIGONGSHENGGONGCUN、XIEDIAOXIANGCHU。

  3.QUZHIYOUDU、YONGZHIYOUJIEDESHENGTAISHENGHUOGUAN

幸运飞艇app   GUDAIRENMENJIUYIJINGRENSHIDAOZIRANZIYUANDEYOUXIANXING,YINERCHANGDAO“QUZHIYOUDU”,GUIFANRENMENDEXINGWEI,ZUODAOZHENXIHEJIEYUESHANLINWUZHONGZIYUAN,YIQIU“YONGZHIYOUJIE”。GENJU《LIJI·WANGZHI》DEJIZAI,TIANZI、ZHUHOUDALIESHI“TIANZIBUHEWEI,ZHUHOUBUYANQUN……CAOMULINGLUOHOURUSHANLIN。KUNCHONGWEIZHE,BUYIHUOTIAN。BUNI,BULUAN,BUSHATAI,BUYAOYAO,BUFUCHAO。”[10]《LUNYU·SHUER》ZHONGSHUO:“ZIDIAOERBUGANG,YIBUSHESU。”ZHEIJIUSHISHUO,GURENHENZAOJIUYISHIDAODUIWANWUDEHUOQUYAOYOUJIEYOUDU,FANDUIFENSOUERTIAN、KUTAIFENYAODEXINGWEI。ZHIYOURUCI,CAINENGTIHUIDAOZIRANWANWUPENGBOWANGSHENGDEJINGXIANG,CHENGRU《LVSHICHUNQIU》ZHONGSUOMIAOSHUDE,“SHUIQUANSHENZEYUBIEGUIZHI,SHUMUSHENGZEFEINIAOGUIZHI,SHUCAOMAOZEQINSHOUGUIZHI”[11]。

幸运飞艇app   (SAN)YIJIAZHIWEIDAOXIANGDEDONGZHIWUDAODEGUANJIAOYU

  SHENGTAIWEIJIDEZHONGYAOBIAOXIANZHIYISHIDONGWUBINLINMIEJUE、ZHIWUZHUJIANXIAOSHI。ZHISUOYIRUCI,GENBENYUANYINSHIYOURENDEHUODONG,HUOZHEGENGJINYIBUSHUO,SHIYOUYURENBADONGZHIWUJINJINSHIWEIJUYOUGONGJUXINGJIAZHIDEDUIXIANGSUOZAOCHENGDE。SHENGTAILUNLIXUEJIUSHICONGZHEXUELUNLIXUEDESHIJIAO,LUNZHENGDONGZHIWUCUNZAIDEJIAZHI,JINERTIGONGBAOHUDONGZHIWUZIYUANDEZHENGDANGXINGLIYOU。DONGZHIWUJIQISHENGTAIHUANJINGSHIFOUJUYOUNEIZAIJIAZHIHEDAODEQUANLISHISHENGTAILUNLIXUEZHONGZHENGLUNDEJIAOWEIJILIEHEFUZADEZHONGYAOLUNTI。“MOUXIEDAODEZHEXUEJIAYEHUAIYI,SHIFOUCUNZAIZHEXIANG‘DAZIRANDEQUANLI’ZHEILEIRUCICHOUXIANGDEDONGXI。DANSHI,ZHENGRUWOMENJIANGJIANDAODENEIYANG,QITARENZESHIFENZIXINDISHIYONGZHEIGECI。”[12]

幸运飞艇app   MEIGUOSHENGWUZHONGXINZHUYILUNLIXUEDEHANWEIZHETAILERENWEI,“YIGESHEHUIRUGUODUIYESHENGSHENGWUZUOWEIQUANLIDECHIYOUZHEZHEIYIGUANNIANJIYURENTONG,NEIME,YUQITASHEHUIXIANGBI,ZHEIGESHEHUIJIUGENGDUODILVXINGRENYUZIRANJIEGUANXIDEYOUXIAODAODEYUANZE。”[13]NONGLINLEIGAODENGYUANXIAOYOUYUYUDONGZHIWUYANJIUHEBAOHUMIQIEXIANGGUAN,DUICIWENTIYAOYOUJIBENDEJIAZHIDAOXIANG。

  YINCI,ZAINONGLINGAOXIAOSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUZHONG,YAOYINDAOXUESHENGSIKAO:WOMENDUIDAIDONGZHIWUJISHENGTAIHUANJINGDEXINNIAN、TAIDUSHIFOUZHENGDANG,QILIYOUHEZAI;WOMENDUIDAISHENGTAIHUANJINGDEXINGWEIGUIFANSHIFOUYINGDANGGAIBIAN,RUHEGAIBIAN。ZHEXUELUNLIXUEDEMUDEJIUSHIBUTINGDIKUOZHANWOMENDUISHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUDELIJIE,ZHUANBIANWOMENDEGUANNIANHEYISHI,CONGERBIMIANCHANGGUISIWEIZHONGDEJUXIANXING。

幸运飞艇app   TONGSHIZAISHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUZHONG,HAIYAOJIESHAODANGQIANDESHENGTAILUNLILILUNZHONG,JUYOUYIDINGYINGXIANGLIDEGUANDIANHUOZHONGYAOLIUPAI,RURENLEIZHONGXINZHUYIHEFEIRENLEIZHONGXINZHUYI、DONGWUJIEFANG/QUANLILUN、SHENGWUZHONGXINZHUYI、SHENGTAIZHONGXINZHUYIDENGLIUPAI。ZHEIXIEBUTONGDELUNLILIUPAI,QIGUANDIANGEYI,ERQIEDOUJUYOUYIDINGDELILUNYIJU,SHENZHIXIANGHUZHIJIANZHENFENGXIANGDUI,BIRUMEIGUOSHENGTAIZHEXUEDEKAICHUANGZHELUOERSIDUNRENWEIJIAZHISHIZIRANJIQIWANWUYOUQIGUYOUDE,ERBUSHIRENLEIJIYUDE[14]。

  RIBENZHUMINGDEHUANJINGZHEXUEZHUANJIAYANZUOMAOZEMINGQUEFANDUIJIANGJIAZHI、QUANLIDEGAINIANFUYURENZHIWAIDECUNZAIWU[15]。YINCI,ZAISHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUZHONG,BIANMINGZHEIXIEZHENGLUNYEXUBINGFEIYISHI,DANCHANMINGGEFANGDEGUANDIANHELICHANG,ZHISHAOKEYIRANGWOMENGENGSHENKEDIRENSHIHELEJIEDAODONGZHIWUBAOHUSIXIANGDELILUNSHENDUJIDUOWEISHIJIAO。

幸运飞艇app   SAN、SHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDESHIJIANLUJING

幸运飞艇app   JIAOYUDECHENGGONGYUFOU,ZHONGZAIYUNENGGOUSUZAOHEGAIBIANRENMENDESHENGHUOFANGSHI。SHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUYIDINGYAONEIHUAYUXIN,WAIHUAYUXING。DUIYUNONGLINGAOXIAOERYAN,BUJINYAOZAILILUNCENGMIAN,GOUJIANXITONGDESHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUTIXI,ERQIEHAIYAOZAISHIJIANCENGMIAN,JIEHENONGLINLEIDAXUESHENGDEZHUANYEXUEXIHESHENGHUOLIXIANG,GOUZHUFUYOUTESEDESHIJIANJIAOYUMOSHI。

  (YI)JIAQIANGSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDEKECHENGTIXIJIANSHE

  KECHENGJIANSHEHEKETANGJIAOXUESHIXUEXIAOJIAOYUDEJICHUXINGGONGZUO。ZAISHENGTAIWENMINGJIANSHEXINSHIDAI,WEISHIGAOXIAODESHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUSHUNLIKAIZHAN,JIAQIANGHEWANSHANSHENGTAILUNLIKECHENGTIXIJIANSHESHIZAIBIXING。NONGLINGAOXIAOJUYOUYOUZHIDEKECHENGZIYUANHERENCAIDUIWUBAOZHANG,NENGGOUZAISHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDEKECHENGTIXIJIANSHEFANGMIANQIDAOYINLINGZUOYONG。

幸运飞艇app   YISHIDAJIANXUEKEPINGTAI。NONGLINGAOXIAOKEYITONGGUOXUEKEJIANSHEDEFANGSHI,WEIRAO“NONGLINSHENGTAIWENHUA”DAZAOXINXINGDEJIAOCHAXUEKEQUNLEI,ZHURUZHONGGUONONGYESIXIANGSHI、ZHONGGUOLINYESHI、SHENGTAIXUE、HUANJINGSHIXUE、SHENGTAILUNLIXUE、SHENGTAIZHEXUE、SHENGTAIRENLEIXUE、SHENGTAIMEIXUEDENGXINXINGJIAOCHAXUEKEHEYANJIULINGYU。GAIXUEKEQUNYITUONONGLINHERENWENXUEKEXIANGGUANKECHENGJIRENCAIYOUSHI,ZHUBUXINGCHENGYIZHENGTAOCHENGSHUDENONGLINSHENGTAIWENHUARENCAIPEIYANGTIXI,CONGERWEISHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDECHUANCHENGHESHENRUKAIZHANDIANDINGLIANGHAODEJICHU。

  ERSHIZAIKECHENGJIANSHEFANGMIAN,NONGLINGAOXIAOJIKEYITONGGUOXUEFENRENDINGDEFANGSHISHEZHISHENGTAILUNLIXIANGGUANBIXIUHUOZHUANYEXUANXIUKECHENG,YEKEYITONGGUOKEPUJIANGZUODEFANGSHI,ZHONGYUPUJIRENYUZIRANZHIJIANGUANXIDEJIBENCHANGSHI,RANGXUESHENGBUJINLEJIEHEZHANGWOZIRANSHENGTAIDE“ZHEN”,ERQIETIHUIHEBAWORENYUZIRANZHIJIANDE“SHAN”HE“MEI”。

幸运飞艇app   SANSHIZAIRENCAIDUIWUJIANSHEFANGMIAN,JIAQIANGRENWENSHEHUIKEXUEJIAOSHIDUIWU,TEBIESHIJUYOUWEN、SHI、ZHEDENGZHUANYEBEIJINGDEJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHE。NONGLINGAOXIAOSUIRANSHIYINONGYE、LINYEXUEKEJIANZHANG,DANQUEFARENWENSHEHUIXUEKEZESHIQULEDUIXUESHENGDERENWENHANYANGHEDUIXUEXIAOFAZHANDECHIXUDONGLI。YINERLINYELEIGAOXIAOZHIYOU“NONGLIN-RENWEN”JIANBEI,BUTONGZHUANYEBEIJINGDEJIAOSHIXIETONGFALI,SHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUZEKESHUNLIYOUXIAODIKAIZHAN。

幸运飞艇app   (ER)YINGZAOSHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUDEXIAOYUANHUANJINGFENWEI

幸运飞艇app   YOUMEIHEXIEDEXIAOYUANHUANJINGHENONGHOUDEXUEXIFENWEISHISHENGTAIDAODEGUANXINGCHENGDECUIHUAJI,BINGQIENENGGOUQIANYIMOHUADIYINGXIANGXUESHENGDEJIAZHIGUAN。NONGLINGAOXIAODEXIAOYUANJIANSHE,YAOTUCHUNONGLINSHENGTAIWENHUATESE,CHONGFENTIXIANLVSEFAZHANLINIANHESHENGTAILUNLIJIAZHIGUANDEYAOQIU。JUTILAISHUO,ZAIXIAOYUANJICHUJIANSHEFANGMIAN,YITUONONGLINGAOXIAOSHENGWUDUOYANGXINGDESHENGTAIZIYUANYOUSHI,HELIBUJUXIAOYUANKONGJIAN,YINGZAOSHAN、SHUI、LIN、CAO、HUA、MUCUOLUOYOUZHI、DUJUFENGGEDEXIAOYUANJINGZHI,SHIDEXIAOYUANHUANJINGCHENGXIANCHULVSHUCHENGYIN、NIAOYUHUAXIANGDEZIRANYUNWEI,CONGERDADAODAODEJIAOYURUNWUWUSHENGDEXIAOGUO。XUESHENGSHENCHURUCIDEXIAOYUANHUANJING,WUSHENGWUXINGZHIZHONGJIFATAMENAIHUHUANJING,BUZHAIZHEHUAMU、BUJIANTACAODI、BUNVEDAIDONGWU,PEIYANGLIANGHAODESHENGHUOXIGUANHEQINJINZIRAN、JINGWEISHENGMINGDEDAODEQINGGAN。

  ZAIXIAOYUANWENHUAJIANSHEFANGMIAN:YISHIYAOPEIYANGXUESHENGJINXINGSHENGTAIHUANBAOHUODONGDEYISHI。XUEXIAOYAOTONGGUOKAIZHANLVSEHUANBAOHUODONG,GULIXUESHENGTOURUDAOSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUDEJUTIXINGDONGZHONGQU,SHIXUESHENGZHUDONGCANYUXIAOYUANLVHUA、ZHISHUZHONGCAO,JIJIWEIJIEJUEXUEXIAODEHUANJINGWURANWENTICHUMOUHUACE,RANGXUESHENGZAIZHEIYANGDEHUODONGZHONGZHENZHENGTIHUIBAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJINGDEYIYI,JINERXINGCHENGSHENGTAIHUANBAOYISHI。ERSHIFAHUINONGLINZHUANYEXUESHENGDEZHISHITEZHANG,YIXIAOYUANWENHUAJIANSHEWEIPINGTAI,XIANGGUANGDASHISHENGJIESHAOXIAOYUANLINMUJINIAOLEIDEZHONGLEI、TEXINGJIQISHENGTAIJIAZHI,JUBANZHUANYEDENONGLINKEPUJIANGZUO,TONGSHILIYONGZHOUMOHEJIEJIARIJUXINGYI“RENYUZIRAN”WEIZHUTIDEJIANGYAN、BIANLUN、SHEYING、HUIHUA、SHIWEN、SHUFAZUOPINZHANLANDENGFENGFUDUOYANGDEHUODONG。

幸运飞艇app   SANSHITONGGUOXUEXIAOZHUDAO,XUESHENGZIYUANCANJIADEQIANTIXIA,CHENGLIYOUGUANNONGLINSHENGTAILUNLIWENHUADESHETUANZUZHI,ZAIXIAOYUANNEIKAIZHANHUANJINGBAOHU、DONGZHIWUGUANSHANG、SHENGTAILUNLIZHISHIDEXUANCHUANHEWENHUAYULEHUODONG,SHIXIAOYUANNEIJUYOUNONGHOUDESHENGTAILUNLIJIAOYUFENWEI。

  [CANKAOWENXIAN]

  [1]ZHOUGUOWEN.ZIRANQUANYURENQUANDERONGHE[M].BEIJING:ZHONGYANGBIANYICHUBANSHE,2011.

幸运飞艇app   [2]HUOBUSI.LUNGONGMIN[M].YINGXING,FENGKELIYI.GUIYANG:GUIZHOURENMINCHUBANSHE,2004.

幸运飞艇app   [3]MAKESIENGESIWENJI(DI1JUAN)[M].BEIJING:RENMINCHUBANSHE,2009.

  [4]XIJINPINGTANZHIGUOLIZHENG(DI2JUAN)[M].BEIJING:WAIWENCHUBANSHE,2017.